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HomeOpinionEthiopia at cross-roads yet again (By Dan A)

Ethiopia at cross-roads yet again (By Dan A)

Ethiopia at a cross road

By Dan A 

Ethiopia finds itself at a pivotal juncture once more, grappling with profound challenges despite the  government’s assertions of progress towards peaceful resolutions, disarmament, justice, and  prosperity. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed asserts that the nation is on a trajectory of economic revival,  yet the stark reality contrasts sharply with these claims. The Ethiopian economy is floundering, with  rampant inflation, pervasive corruption, and ethnic tensions reaching unprecedented levels.  Security is virtually non-existent outside of the capital, while millions have been displaced and  famine has claimed thousands of lives in regions like Tigray, Amhara, and Oromia. Additionally, the  government is actively pursuing demographic changes in Addis Ababa and other resource-rich  regions, exacerbating the crisis. 

The state of emergency in the Amhara region has been extended in response to the escalating  Amhara Fano revolution, and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is seemingly on the brink of  reigniting civil conflict despite a previously touted agreement. Internationally, the crisis in Ethiopia  is overshadowed by global events such as the Russia-Ukraine war and the US election cycle,  leaving Ethiopia’s plight largely ignored. The US Embassy and the African Union (AU), while close to  the conflict, have largely remained silent, issuing only tepid statements of concern. This has led to  a pervasive sentiment among Ethiopians that they are on their own in confronting the looming  threat of collapse, lawlessness, and famine. 

The current climate of ethnic animosity is fueled in large part by the government itself, with its  agenda of ethnic cleansing and expansionism. This has all but extinguished any hope for a peaceful  resolution or national dialogue. The Amhara Fano movement has emerged as a formidable force  against the government, insisting on Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s resignation as the only  acceptable outcome. The Oromo Prosperity Party’s controversial declarations of Oromo  dominance for the next 300 years have further inflamed tensions, leading to fears among the  Amhara of being relegated to second-class citizens and sparking calls for the regime’s removal as a  prerequisite for peace and democracy in Ethiopia. 

Solidarity among various ethnic groups is growing, with movements in Afar, Sidama, Gurage, and  even some Tigrayan factions showing support for the Amhara cause. This burgeoning alliance  underscores a collective determination to end the government’s tyranny. The Fano movement, in  particular, has demonstrated remarkable discipline and strategic acumen, gaining significant  ground against government forces. Their approach, characterized by guerrilla tactics and a focus on  justice and accountability, has won them broad support not only in the Amhara region but across  Ethiopia.

Yet, the potential for further conflict looms, with the government’s efforts to stoke divisions and its  aggressive demographic policies in Addis Ababa threatening to deepen the crisis. The international  community’s silence and indirect support of the regime only complicate the situation. As Ethiopia  

stands on the brink, the resolve and unity of its people appear to be the nation’s best hope for  navigating the challenges ahead and forging a path toward a more inclusive and democratic future.  The coming months will be critical in determining whether Ethiopia can overcome its divisions and  rebuild, or if it will succumb to the forces of disintegration and conflict.

Editor’s note : Views in the article do not necessarily reflect the views of borkena.com

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