Ethiopia on Tuesday issued a statement regarding the fourth round of GERD negotiation with Egypt and Sudan which was taking place in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa between December 17-19.
While the statement made the point that the four rounds of negotiations were helpful “to have an in-depth discussion on the major issues of difference,” it accused Egypt of having a “.. colonial era mentality and erected roadblocks against efforts toward convergence.”
The full statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia is featured below :
“Press Statement on the 4th Round of Trilateral Negotiation on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD)
Ethiopia, Egypt and the Sudan conducted the fourth round of trilateral negotiation on 17-19 December 2023 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. These four rounds of negotiations have been conducted following the understanding reached between H.E. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (PhD) of Ethiopia, and H.E. President Abdel Fatah el Sisi of Egypt on 13 July 2023.
The two leaders guided their respective officials, among other things, to do all the necessary efforts to finalize the rules and guidelines on the first filling and annual operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). The negotiations have helped the three countries to have an in-depth discussion on the major issues of difference.
During these four rounds, Ethiopia endeavored and keenly engaged with the two lower riparian countries to address the major issues of difference and reach an amicable agreement. Egypt, in contrast, maintained colonial era mentality and erected roadblocks against efforts toward convergence.
The negotiations on the guidelines and rules on the first filling and annual operation of the GERD is meant to enhance confidence and build trust among the three countries. It is not meant to foreclose Ethiopia`s rights on the utilization of the waters of the Nile. Ethiopia would, thus, like to make it abundantly clear that it will continue to utilize its water resources to meet the needs of the present and future generations based on the principle of equitable and reasonable utilization.
The Agreement on the Declaration of Principles of 2015 signed by the three countries provides the basis for this negotiation.
Moreover, the African Union, which remains seized of the matter since 2020, facilitated a platform that provides the three countries an opportunity to exchange views in order to reach an amicable solution.
After the conclusion of the fourth round of the negotiation, Egypt has issued a statement that violates the UN Charter and the Constitutive Act of the African Union. Ethiopia also rejects the misrepresentation of its positions by Egypt.
Ethiopia remains committed to reach an amicable and negotiated settlement that addresses the interests of the three countries and looks forward the resumption of the negotiation.”
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