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Regime Change or more atrocities and Genocide? The Foreign Policy Challenge of the USA 

Dawit W. Giorgis 

By Dawit W. Giorgis 

The choices are very clear to Ambassador Mike Hammer, the US Envoy to the  troubled region of the Horn of Africa: Give the Prime Minister of Ethiopia Abiy  Ahmed the license to continue on his path of wanton destruction and extermination of Amharas and everything that they have owned and lived for  including their age-old religion, their culture, their Coptic Church of 2000 years  and biblical history; or support the movement to change the regime.  

Covert and overt regime change has been a strategic foreign policy of the US  during the cold war. Any government who is allied to the Soviet Union both  militarily and ideologically was targeted for regime change. The US engaged in 64  covert and six overt aRempts at regime change during the Cold war. Even aSer the  Soviet Union collapsed the US has “led or supported wars to determine the  governance of a number of countries.”1. 

The motivating factors to launch regime changes are many as stated by the USA. For  example, in the case of Iraq, the justifications for war have been debated before and  after the war. Was it for access to Iraqi oil? To spread democracy abroad? To liberate  the Iraqi people from a brutal dictator? To eliminate Iraq’s stockpiles of chemical and  biological weapons? To force Iraq to comply with UN resolutions? Some of the  questions posed are strategic lies designed to distract the international community from  the real reasons behind regime changes. They have never been to liberate people and  install democracy. They have neither been for human rights violations, to remove  dictators and install a democratic order, or to ensure compliance with UN resolutions.  In the case of Iraq, it was all about it; in other words, the economic interest of the USA. In  the case of Afghanistan, it was to destroy al Qaeda which was responsible for the  9/11 attack.  

The US accepts dictators and totalitarian regimes as far as they conform to its  strategic and economic interest. The fact that the nation that suffered through  9/11, supports Saudi Arabia, even when 15 of the 9/11 terrorists were Saudis and  were funded by the Saudis, is still a close ally of the US shows that it’s never about  human rights or democracy, but rather about economic resources, arms trade and access to resources. Human Rights Watch has listed Saudi Arabia among the  ten most prominent human rights violations worldwide in 2022 “In the 5-year  period 2018-2022, the US accounted for 78 percent of Saudi Arabia’s imports of  major arms.” 2 

Africa is in a different category. Those countries in Africa who do not have any  leverage on US foreign policy are taken for granted. “ Throughout its history, the  United States lacked clear objectives on the continent and, as a result, its policies  were largely reactionary, vacillating between exploitation, benign neglect,  and half-hearted aTTempts at democratization and humanitarian assistance.” 3  That is why we have perpetual conflicts and instability in most African countries:  i.e. DRC, CAR, Sudan, South and North, Somalia, Mozambique, Niger, Chad,  Burkina Faso, Burundi, Mali, etc. US appoints envoys aSer envoys to the region.  Envoys have never solved problems in Africa. Solutions emanate from sound  policies rooted in the institutions and emanating from short and long-term  interests as enshrined in the four main objectives of US foreign policies. These are  the protection of the US and its citizens and allies, the assurance of contiuing access  to international resources and markets, the preservation of a balance of power in  the world and the protection of human rights and democracy. Vital American  interests that may require covert and overt regime changes are the second and  the third one.  

The Horn of Africa is one of the most complex security zones in the world. The epi  center of the crisis in the Horn is Ethiopia. Even if the US may not be interested  in installing democracy or preventing human rights violations in Ethiopia, a civil war  and cross border conflicts and proxy wars in the region will affect the global  balance of power and can impede access to resources and free trade, and force  the US to be involved in some ways. When the US administration leaves such a  strategic part of the world to the whim of a deranged dictator like Abiy, it puts the  fundamental foreign policy of the US in danger. Advocating regime change is a  legitimate and fair way of addressing the issue and is consistent with the fundamental  interest of the USA. 

Appointing envoys is not the right way to solve international problems of this  nature. It is complex and rooted in history. The entire bureau of African Affairs and  experts in the field should be involved. The Bureau of African affairs depends  much upon the envoy for information and recommendatons. It should not be that way. Solutions proposed by envoys are always ad hoc and never address the root  causes of the crisis and the broad interest of the US and Ethiopia. The predecessor of Ambassador Mike Hammer, Ambassador SaRerfield leS aSer just  months on the job. Since June 2022 Ambassador Mike Hammer took over and it is  taking him a long time to understand the complex security and politics in the  region. His only experience in Africa was in the DRC, between 2018 to 2022. There  are not many lessons to be learnt from DRC. DRC has remained at war since  independence in 1960. But since he has been a career diplomat, it should not  have taken such a long time to catch up with the realities in Ethiopia.  

Ethiopia is a very poor country which has been unable to even pay its  international debts. It does not have any leverage on American policy. The US and  European countries know fully well that the Ethiopian regime is mired in intense  struggle to keep its seat. They know fully well that it has resorted to atrocities,  human rights violations and genocide in its literal sense. (Intentional elimination  of people based on their identity) The US knows also that the Ethiopian regime is in  no position to challenge American interests. Millions of people depend on US  handouts of food aid. An estimated 15,4 million people are projected to be food  insecure in the second half of 2023 and the US is the largest single country food  aid provider to Ethiopia.  

For America Africa is seen primarily as a problem to be managed. Partnerships in  the real sense do not exist. Therefore, it does not have clear policies on Africa.  The coming decades might force it to have clearer policies and engage Africa as an  equal partner that can have relevance in the strategic and economic interest of  the USA.  

“China and Russia view Africa as an opportunity to be seized. From 2007 to  2017, U.S. trade with Africa dropped by 54 percent as China’s grew by  220 percent. While Russia’s total investment in Africa pales in comparison to the  United States and China, it has grown by 40 percent since 2015. China supports 46  port projects in Africa — financing more than half and operating 11. The United  States supports zero.” 3 

Ethiopia could have leverage on US policies given its strategic location,  demography, population economic potential. But for now, Ethiopia does not seem  to be a threat to any country except itself, first and foremost, a country that is in tatters and a regime that can be bought for an offer. The Western powers are  interested in keeping the status quo. 

Ethiopia has become a weak and impoverished country which has the most  corrupt regime with a begging bowl on one hand and drones on the other to  kill its own people. For the US this status quo is not of concern and causes no  harm. It it refuses to get through the blind spot and observe that deluge that is  about to overwhelm the nation and beyond. Hundreds of thousands of Amharas  have been killed mu/lated and subjected to extreme tortures all because of their  identity. Over 4 million Amharas have been uprooted from their homes and made  IDPs (Internally Displaced People). Abiy has declared war on the Amhara region.  Amhara resistance spearheaded by Fano has become indomitable. Abiy has come  to accept that Amharas have the capacity and determination to come and get him.  Amharas are determined change the status quo. They have proved that they can. In its aRempt to stay in power the regime is about to launch an all-out war of  extermination. America knows that Abiy Ahmed has enough Amhara blood in his  hands and will not hesitate to implement a final solution to the Amharas  (ShaRered Glass) 4 But the US envoy Mike Hammer refuses to see it coming or he  pretends as if he does not know. It is a creeping genocide moving to its crescendo.  

The US knows the agenda of the Arab expansionists and Muslim fundamentalists.  UAE has officially joined the war on Amharas and has demonstrated its air power  at the Ethiopian air force base. Turkey has sent dozens of drones. Extremists are  probing their way in. The Red Sea has already become a theater of war with  Yemen as a proxy joining the Middle East war in the Middle East. Through benign  negligence the US will slowly lose control of the situation in the Horn and along  the Red Sea. It might be forced to intervene directly. In the meantime, Amharas  will be slaughtered because that is the end game for Abiy: the extermination of  Amharas. 

Would the US administration allow Abiy to continue waging war to exterminate  the Amharas? Would it repeat the same mistake it made in Rwanda? This time it  will pass the one million mark. In the war that took place between the regime  and the Tigray region over 1 million people from Tigray (Obasanjo report) and 380000 from the regime (from a statement by the Army chief of staff) were killed in just  nine months. Amhahars are 60 million and Tigray population is just 6 million. The  death toll, displacement and migration will be staggering.

Ambassador Mike Hamer bears the responsibility for the escalation that will result  in one the most complex wars with different proxies: a brutal internal and cross  border war and genocide in modern history. Does Mike Hammer realize this?  While the war on the Amharas has been raging and stories of human right  violations and atrocities have dominated the news in every Ethiopian media for  the last four years; how can he not mention it in his last presentation to the joint  congressional hearing? How can he not know what is happening all over the  Amhara region?  

There are discussions amongst the Amhara intellectuals as to whether or not the  American foreign policy in Ethiopia is not based on inherent suspicion and dislike  towards the Amharas? There are many instances that bolster this argument. One  of course is the famous Kissinger policy “: exploiting ethnic, religious or other  

differences to keep the country weakened and embroiled in enduring conflicts “At  different times this policy might have worked but in the modern age when there  are competing powers, playing with this option will be very primitive and  counterproductive. If it is not this then it is denial. This will be the height of  hypocrisy that will haunt Ambassador Mike here on earth and beyond. The denial  is not explainable. The facts are there in every corner of the capital documented, compiled with all the evidence that is there for him to check. In one of my  favorite books: “The March of Folly” the author Barbara Tuchman writes, referring to the American folly in Vietnam, that folly consisted not in pursuit of a  goal in ignorance of the obstacles but in persistence in the pursuit despite  mountains of evidence that the goal was unattainable. She writes; “The question  raised is why did the policy makers close their minds to the evidence and its  implications. This is the classic symptom of folly: refusal to draw conclusions from  the evidence, addiction to the counterproductive. The “why”of the refusal and its  addiction may disclose itself in the course of retracting the tale of American policy  making. “ 5 Why does Mike Hammer, who has the power to tell what he witnessed  and make regime change the only road to peace in Ethiopia and the region, refuse  to do just that. Accept the truth and defend the cause of Fanos for regime change as the ultimate aspiration of all Ethiopians. As I write this, I heard that 57 women  and children were killed by a drone attack. 

Is Mike Hammer serving the best interest of the USA? Is it the foreign policy or  Mike Hammer that is complicated? Either way Fano is determined to do the job.  There is no force in this world that can stop it from protecting Amhara integrity  and bringing about a democratic and just political order in unison with all other ethnic groups that form Ethiopia. The world is on notice. The US will serve its  own interest by being on the side of this just struggle.  

  1. hRps://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=The+strategic+logic+of+Covert+regime&hl= en&as_sdt=0&as_vis=1&oi=scholart 
  2. 214 Sept 2023 
  3. Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher, Arms Transfer Program, at SIPRI  3 hRps://warontherocks.com/2022/06/america-ignores-africa-at-its-own peril/ 
  4. Ibid 
  5. hRps://borkena.com/2023/09/07/response-to-ethiopia-shaRered-glass kristallnacht-by-dawit-w-giorgis/ 
  6. The March of Folly: Barbara Tuchman, Page 235

Editor’s note : Views in the article do not necessarily reflect the views of borkena.com 

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10 COMMENTS

  1. Mengistu Hailemariam’s comrade Major Dawit is back into the lucrative business of violent overthrow of governments. Violence pays, of course. And he is making few bucks in his old age as Fanno pr official. Upon realizing Mengistu’s reign was coming to a end, it was alleged that he fled to America in 1986 with close to $300,000. Now he is siccing the US on his own country!

  2. This author has just proved to me and everyone that coup d’eta is or can be an addiction. But he knows how to get involved from a safe distance. This time it took this former loyal servant of a ruthless dictator 34 years to give it a try again. There is no question a coup is an addictive high for some. Just reckless. Zeraaf yeteqil ashker! Zeraaf mayisaw kasa yeziach yekoso shiach lij!!! Zeraaf!!!
    Keep dreaming Burkina Faso, Niger and Mali dreamer!!!

  3. First off, I have not read any of your postings… including this one, except your title, in passing.
    I do not waste my time with thieves.

    Where is the $300,000 foreign-aid for famine-victims you went to collect and fled with in 1986?
    Shameless thief.
    #NOMORE !!!

    #1 write it down, the USA has no business, or place in Ethiopia!!!
    Plus it won’t live long enough to realize such a dream, if there was one.

    #2 they already have “traitors” like TPLF and now Abiy in their pocket, except Welkait is not negotiable, not now not ever, or the whole Tigray will be left empty, if their madness continues!!!)
    #3 they do not need a washed-up-thief like you, even if they have a chance to go that route, yet again…

    Those days of “regime change” are over, even in South America (“Monroe doctrine”, dead in the water).

    The days of imperial-Looters such as the USA, Europe, and small-timer washed-up opportunist-thieves like you are over…
    Here is the signpost:
    ================
    Thieves & liars struggle to survive in 21str century:
    Eg. Netanyahu in Tel Aviv , Zelensky in Kyiv, TPLF & Abiy, in Ethiopia, and all the current western “leaders” (thieves) are standing on borrowed-time soon their last-flame to burn-out exposed & walking away in shame (as did their compatriots that were dumped since 2020 before them that are already gone into the dustbin of history).

    The time for deception and for those who thrive in it…, the looting & deception-party has been over!!! (in 2020)
    The “Door” is closing (Eye-of-the-needle)
    RIP.

    Be well.

    • Here is the supporting argument and evidence to what I said in the “signpost” :

      George Galloway MOATS, Dec 20, 2023 : “DISUNITED NATIONS – MOATS with George Galloway Ep 301”

      Link = youtube.com/watch?v=drFc5m6XxPE

      Even the UN is tittering to a collapse trying to serve too many masters, US , Israel, whomever…

      Russel Brand : “Trump’s BOMBSHELL Colorado Ruling – Are We Heading To Civil War?! – Stay Free #271”

      Link = rumble.com/v42bhnt-trumps-bombshell-colorado-ruling-are-we-heading-to-civil-war-stay-free-271.html

      Corroborating with what I said in #1 , about the US surviving as one entity… (Republic of California, Republic of Texas, etc….)

      The end to the madness is near!!!
      2024 is the designated year to wash all these filth to the gutter; once and for all… (too many crooks in the world )

      Be well.

    • The Duran : “Gaza & Ukraine Endgame” : – John Mearsheimer, Alexander Mercouris & Glenn Diesen

      Link = youtube.com/watch?v=7L59yXaPaXI

      Be well.

  4. @ T.
    How can you comment without reading the article? By just looking at the headline and the name of the author?
    Well this speaks a lot about your maturity and quality . My complements.

    Apart from that: Mike Hammer and US saved TPLF and averted the liberation of Tigray people from the cancer called TPLF.

    The current conflict is partly the result of the incomplete peace agreement in Pretoria.

    • Dear @ Wondu,

      Well, indirectly you answered your own question… with your last two statements ( explaining why the country is where it is with the current conflict).

      1) traditionally “headline” (titel) do tell where the storyteller wants to take you…  if you read most of the ‘author’s’ past “headlines” or his “direct letters to SD” tell you the author is tirelessly looking to get (parasitic (“regime change”)) support from the same neocons in SD that Mike hammer is currently serving… the author’s “banda” like reliance on outsiders (like TPLF) is traditionally un Ethiopia.

      2) the man reason why I do not read anything this man utters is based on his own untrustworthy activity while serving in the Derg administration & the way he left the country taking away foreign-Aid-money to the tune of $300k he received representing the nation that was meant to feed starving Ethiopians in the 80’s drought; which he kept for his personal use, he is a disgrace.

      Be well. 

    • Dear @ Wondu,

      His “headline” gave away his “archaic assumption” that the US is still the economic power around, which is not… the US is broke and in the decline… he is not alone, the majority of the diaspora living in the US think the same way ( watching CNN & FOX make people become delusional…) the coming year of 2024 economic reality in the US will bring that “reality check” to those mislead by MSM or their archaic assumptions.

      Learn from the Professor, Richard Wolff:

      Lecture : “… the decline of the US empire and the rise of China and BRICS”. date: December 20, 2023.

      Link = youtube.com/watch?v=F6dpw5Kw5XI

      Be well.

      • Cracking-open “Western-propaganda” re: China

        All The Things China Gets Right | Journalist Ben Norton. Date : December 20, 2023

        (1 of 2)
        Link = youtube.com/watch?v=RvQaj_Jb3Mk

        (2/2)
        Link = youtube.com/watch?v=WVT5m1ziJqU&list=TLPQMjYxMjIwMjPpzvrqQDg9EQ&index=1

        Be well.

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