By Enanaye Gebremariam
The ongoing ethnic cleansing in Ethiopia has led to the displacement of thousands of Amhara people from their homes. The Amhara people have been targeted by the Oromo expansionist ruling party and its security forces in an attempt to Oromize the areas surrounding the capital city of Addis Ababa. The displacement of the Amhara people is not a new phenomenon in Ethiopia. Historically, the Amhara people have been subjected to discrimination and persecution by other ethnic groups in the country. However, the recent wave of displacement is unprecedented in its scale and brutality.
The Amhara Association of America (AAA) recently released an investigative report detailing the ongoing ethnic cleansing and displacement of Amhara residents in the newly established Sheger city administration of the Oromia Regional State. According to the report, since January 2023, Oromia Special Forces, Oromia Region police, government representatives, and local youth have intensified ethnically motivated demolitions of houses belonging to non-Oromo residents, especially ethnic Amhara residents. The report found that at least 3,415 houses belonging to non-Oromo owners, most of them belonging to Amhara owners, have been demolished. Additionally, at least 62 individuals have been injured, dozens have been arbitrarily arrested, and at least three individuals have been killed by security forces. The destruction of homes was concentrated in Jemo Terara Medihanialem, Fanuel Church (Alem Bank), Anfo Mariam, Gersebo, Korki Sefere (Lencho), and Enku-Gabriel areas within the newly established Sheger city administration. Following the destruction of homes, tens of thousands of people have been left homeless and are living in dire conditions. The AAA’s investigators have verified from sources that starting from January 1st, 2023, the newly established Sheger city administration with the help of the Oromia Special Force (OSF) and the Oromia Region police started forceful demolition of homes belonging to non-Oromo owners.
The majority of residents in the affected areas are Amharas who have resided for decades holding their houses. However, after the Oromo expansionist took hold of the area, they started demolishing houses belonging to non-Oromo residents, displacing Amharas, and looting properties for the purpose of Oromizing the area. The ongoing act of demolishing houses, arbitrary detention, killing, and beating of innocent Amharas are an extension of their program of Oromizing Addis Ababa. Starting from January 1st, 2023, the Oromia security forces launched organized destruction of houses belonging to non-Oromo residents and particularly targeting ethnic Amhara residents. The AAA’s report also revealed that between January 1st and 4th, 2023, in areas named Jemo Terara Medihanialem and Fanuel Church (Alem Bank) areas, formerly parts of the Woreda 3 of the Kolfe Keraniwo sub-city of the Addis Ababa city but now renamed Geda-Fiche Woreda under the Sebeta sub-city of Sheger town, the Oromia expansionist started demolishing houses belonging to non-Oromo owners without giving any prior notice. At least 725 houses were demolished around Fanuel church, and more than 800 houses were demolished in and around the Jemo Terara Medihanialem area.
The response from the Oromia Region police and the OSF was killing and bodily injury. At least 40 individuals were arrested and their whereabouts remain unknown. Another 10 individuals were brutally injured by the security forces of the Oromia Regional State. On January 4th, 2023, one individual was killed by the OSF. Two other individuals were also killed by gunfire from security forces on the same date. The ongoing displacement and ethnic cleansing of Amhara residents in Ethiopia is a grave concern for the international community. The United Nations and other international organizations must take immediate action to ensure the protection of the rights of all residents in Ethiopia and to hold accountable those responsible for these gross violations of human rights.
Based on the verified information and evidence presented in this investigative report, it is clear that the situation in Sheger City is deeply concerning and requires urgent action. The forceful demolition of homes belonging to non-Oromo owners and the displacement of Amhara residents is a gross violation of their human rights and cannot be allowed to continue. It is the responsibility of the Ethiopian government to protect the rights and safety of all its citizens, regardless of their ethnicity. We strongly recommend that the government takes immediate steps to stop the ongoing demolitions, hold accountable those responsible for the human rights abuses, and provide adequate compensation and support to the affected communities.
Editor’s note : the article was first published on the personal facebook page of Kebour Ghenna
To Publish Article On borkena, please send submission to email@example.com for consideration.
Telegram Channel : t.me/borkena
Join the conversation. Follow us on twitter @zborkena to get the latest Ethiopian news updates regularly. Like borkena on facebook as well. To share information or send a submission, use firstname.lastname@example.org