Tuesday, December 5, 2023
HomeOpinionMarshall Plan for Africa: A Global Security and Moral Imperative  

Marshall Plan for Africa: A Global Security and Moral Imperative  

Marshal Plan Africa _ Yonas article

Yonas Biru, PhD 

There are four salient issues with Sub-Saharan Africa’s (henceforth “Africa”) economic reality. First, Africa has become a land of recurring famine, a theatre of civil wars, and a social Petri dish for pandemic outbreaks. In times of such crises, the first and last resort solution African governments seek is external bailout from the West. When it comes to crisis  

relief, China is missing in action. 

Second, Africa is a battleground in the zero-sum geoeconomic rivalry between the US/EU and China. The two power centers win in some countries and lose in others. Africa is the net loser all the time. 

Third, in the global economic and political governance architectures, Africa is at best marginalized or at worst excluded. The G-20 that aspires to “lift the lives of the poorest” is an exclusive club for developed and emerging nations. Developing nations, home to 2.5 billion people, are totally excluded. Similarly, the World Bank that purports to “dream a world  

free of poverty” allows Africa only 5.4 percent voting rights on its board. This despite the fact  that Africa represent 25 percent of World Bank member countries and accounts for 40 percent  of the extreme poor in the world. 

Even worse, 60 years after independence, Africa cannot even fund an independent regional body that can speak on its behalf. The African Union (AU) laments that it “is heavily dependent on donor funding, and more than 40% of Member States do not pay their yearly contributions.” AU’s Mantra “African Solutions for African Problems” is nothing more than a political slogan. 

Ignored by global powers and run by globally marginalized governments, Africa, home to 1.17 billion people, remains in a perpetual crisis stuck between neither and nor. A World Bank study forewarns that by 2030, Africa could be home to 90% of the world’s poor. Various studies also show that more than 60% of Africa’s population is below the age of 25, and in some countries 43 percent of young men are unemployed. The collision of these factors has made Africa the epicenter of civil wars, a breeding ground for terrorism, and a source of mass migration. 

Africa’s problems do not end there. A UN report shows that there have been “1843 substantiated public health events,” over the last two decades. The world that is recovering

from the vagaries of Covid-19 at the economic cost of $12.5 trillion cannot remain oblivious to a looming global crisis. 

Apart from the need for self-preservation, the problem has a moral dimension. Americans and Europeans waste $595 billion annually on food. In SSA, 278 million people suffer from chronic hunger. People of conscience cannot turn a blind eye. 

Over the last five years, the call for a Marshall Plan and  moral  coalition has gained momentum. Some encouraging policies are also in the offing. The EU’s partnership aims to mobilize up to $341 billion in public and private funds by 2027. The UK plans to become “the largest G7 investor in Africa.” The US has signed into law a program to crowed-in private sector capital and skills in low-income countries. 

Even though such developments are encouraging, disparate efforts are unlikely to succeed. A global partnership working toward a common goal is a paramount requirement. This requires a paradigm shift in the US-EU-China and US-EU-Africa nexuses.  

On the US-EU-China nexus, if not addressed, the US-EU’s transactional approach to foreign aid that supports loyalist governments and sanctions unfriendly ones will undermine the Marshall Plan. Similarly, China’s nonchalant attitude toward anti-corruption campaigns and  predatory lending can derail the effort. On their part, African governments need to resist the temptation to play the two global power centers against each other. 

On the US-EU-Africa nexus, it is important to create a culture of trust. The traditional donor-recipient partnership that embeds a patronizer and patronizee relationship needs to be reframed to formulate a new and mutually beneficial modality. African governments must not only to make the case for a Marshall Plan but also be ready to work with the sponsors of the global effort to avoid past failures. Give us your money but keep your ideas to yourself lacks a spirit of global partnership. 

Important also is a change of the blame culture in Africa. The neocolonialism narratives  that is pervasive in Africa has not and will not serve Africa. We cannot overlook the fact that Ethiopia and Liberia (two nations who have never been colonized) have an average GDP per capita that  is 51 percent less than the average for the rest of African nations who spent nearly three-quarters of a century under the yoke of colonialism. 

Obviously, entrenched geostrategic and national interests are hard to change. But every dark cloud conceals a silver lining. In Africa’s existential threat to global health and economic security resides the seeds out of which a powerful global partnership is poised to sprout.

Moving forward, urgent actions are needed in key areas. First, Africa’s population is growing at 2.6% annually. This is more than twice that of South Asia, the second fastest growing region. Africa has no hope without an urgent population control Marshal Plan.  

Second, imaginative, and scalable solutions are needed to reduce Africa’s burden on Western taxpayers. This is important because there is donors’ fatigue, and the resource needs are far more than what is politically palatable for Western governments. One viable solution is capitalizing on the increasing exodus of supply chains out of China. Incentivizing corporations to relocate their businesses to Africa is a low-cost and high-impact strategy. 

Stopping illicit capital flight out of Africa is another area where both an economic and moral imperative. The UN estimates addressing this problem alone “could almost cut in half the annual financing gap” that the region faces.  

Substantial resources could also be mobilized through Marshall Plan tax breaks for firms investing in Africa, following Germany’s model. Providing loans or loan guarantees and insurance to private entities, as stipulated in the US 2018 bill, will also encourage foreign investors. 

Further, with the right incentives, the African diaspora community can be motivated to invest in its country of origin through diaspora mutual funds, diaspora bonds and diaspora venture capitals. 

If successfully championed and implemented, the Marshall Plan will avert an existential global crisis, create enormous market opportunities, and inject fresh impetus into the world economy. It is a win-win endeavor both from global crisis mitigation and development promotion perspectives.

__

To Publish Article On borkena, please send submission to info@borkena.com for consideration.

Telegram Channel : t.me/borkena

Business Listing 

Join the conversation. Follow us on twitter @zborkena to get the latest Ethiopian news updates regularly. Like borkena on facebook as well. To share information or send a submission, use info@borkena.com

advertisment

13 COMMENTS

  1. The Fallacy of Foreign Aid as Engine of Economic Growth
    Teketel Haile-Mariam, PhD

    Addis Tribune, October 4, 2002

    Reprinted in Global Policy Forum
    Global Policy Forum is an independent policy watchdog that monitors the work of the United Nations and scrutinizes global policymaking. We promote accountability and citizen participation in decisions on peace and security, social justice and international law.

    GPF gathers information and circulates it through a comprehensive website, as well as through reports and newsletters. We play an active role in NGO networks and other advocacy arenas. We organize meetings and conferences and we publish original research and policy papers.

    GPF analyzes deep and persistent structures of power and dissects rapidly-emerging issues and crises. GPF’s work challenges mainstream thinking and questions conventional wisdom. We seek egalitarian, cooperative, peaceful and sustainable solutions to the world’s great problems.
    —–
    The World Bank and International Monetary Fund held their annual meetings in Washington, D.C. this past weekend, and repeated their promises at previous such meetings to make the poor nations of the world more prosperous. And Ethiopia had sent its own delegates to the meetings to plead for more loans. Protesters from across the globe, who believed these institutions had done (and continue to do) more damage than good through their ever increasing loans and misleading policy prescriptions, had also gathered to demonstrate their opposition to the activities of the institutions, which they also believed contributed to environmental degradation (and the changing weather pattern around the globe) and economic rape of the world’s poor.

    What roles did the international financial institutions play (and continue to play) in Ethiopia? Did their policy prescriptions and loans have significant and sustainable impact on improving macroeconomic performance and standards of living of ordinary citizens?

    Ethiopia had (and continues to have) a history of dependency on foreign assistance, whether that be in the form of food donations, military hardware, or loans for public investment. Although this history applies to all three recent successive regimes, non-military loans contracted by the current government over the last eleven years exceeded similar loans obtained over a span of about sixty years by the two prior regimes combined. And there had been negative correlation between the ever increasing loans and the levels of poverty. As loans increased, the per capita income (brute measure of the level of economic development) had stayed virtually unchanged, poverty had spread and deepened, and even by African standards, Ethiopia had lagged miserably and had become an example of most things wrong in that unfortunate continent, rather than being a symbol of freedom, unity, and prosperity.

    Then why borrow more? And why do international lending institutions want to repeatedly extend additional loans (often for the same intended purposes) when previous loans did not have much positive impact?

    The most common explanation given by the Ethiopian government to justify more borrowing is a fight against poverty. It usually quotes common statistics on widespread poverty, hunger, diseases, low level of agricultural technology, the AIDS epidemic, high level of unemployment, and such other indicators of a seriously ailing economy, and how foreign loans help in the fight against those ailments. Rarely does the government mention whether or not past loans had generated more benefits than their costs. It also does not mention the recent catastrophic consequences of high external indebtedness in countries with much more powerful economies like Argentina and Brazil, and other states in Latin America and Africa.

    There is another less obvious explanation as to why countries like Ethiopia need to borrow more despite the poor records of past loans, which is rooted in inferiority complex. Insecure governments usually consider their relationships with international lending institutions as forms of legitimization of their regimes, and they believe those perceptions would help them prolong their hold on to power. They get opportunities to attend international meetings organized by such institutions to be seen as legitimate members of the international community, and use such forums to lash out at their domestic opponents. They also use the staff of the international institutions to write reports favorable to their policies (similar to recent scandals in the United States securities industry where research analysts have been caught writing favorable but misleading reports on companies in the hope that would give their brokerage firms competitive edges in accessing investment banking businesses with the companies), and use those reports as affirmations of their repressive political and economic policies. We have heard and read this many times before, where the Ethiopian regime proudly stated the approval it had received from international financial institutions (such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund) about the soundness of its policies of state ownership of land as well as ethnic regionalization under cover of decentralized administration.

    The international financial institutions know all too well that they have the upper hand in their dealing with insecure governments (and their employees), and are prepared to capitalize on the insecurity to advance their own agenda; the more insecure a government (and its employees), the better for the lenders. They are interested primarily to lend more for their own survival and to promote exports from the industrialized countries, rather than to help promote the economic development in the borrowing poor countries. They use academic, professional, and intellectual discourse and reports as covers to advance their real and hidden agenda of lending more, often by replicating previous programs under different name designations (such as policy adjustment, structural adjustment, sector adjustment, numerous variations of sub-sector rehabilitations, emergency recovery, emergency demobilization, and multiple variations of same project investment programs across all sectors and sub-sectors under different nomenclatures).

    As amply demonstrated in Ethiopia, the long record of borrowing by successive regimes had been ineffective in promoting sustainable development and in alleviating poverty. In fact, the reverse might have been true where more lending had driven the country into deeper poverty. As export earnings from traditional sources (such as coffee) decline, ever increasing shares of those earnings would be used to pay the rising debt services, thus leaving ever diminishing proportions of foreign exchange earnings for economic development (and poverty reduction). To add insult to injury, the loans can be used as instruments of foreign policy, as demonstrated during the Ethio-Eritrean conflict when donors (led by the above mentioned international financial institutions) attempted to withhold their funding as a leverage to get political concessions from Ethiopia. The more the dependency, the more the exposure to international political arm twisting and blackmailing.

    The typical and predictable response of the Ethiopian government to the above would be: you are only criticizing us for what we are trying to do, but what alternatives do you have to offer? Here are my suggestions.

    The first suggestion concerns principle. The key principle must be that government control of resources and micromanagement of economic activities by the public sector have not worked anywhere in the world, and there are no convincing reasons to believe such a policy framework would work in Ethiopia. Instead, private sector based economic policy framework is a superior prescription for economic success. That key principle must be modified slightly while dealing in international trade, which these days is commonly referred under the general term of globalization.

    While recognizing that exports are the key to future economic prosperity (and hence policies should focus on improving the country’s international competitiveness), allowing indiscriminately imports of goods that unfairly kill domestic manufacturers would not be prudent. The most prudent approach should be to first promote competition among domestic producers while protecting them initially from outside competition. As the domestic producers mature, protection can be lifted gradually. All developed economies have used this approach (and are still using it) under cover of “infant industry protection” or some other similar justification. Just see how the domestic textile and leather manufacturers are being decimated by cheap imports from Asia and second hand products from North America and Europe. Of course, the lending institutions would not support protection to be extended to the domestic manufacturers, often at the urging of exporting nations from behind, because that would undermine the market in Ethiopia for such imports.

    And the second suggestion concerns fundamental policy measures the government should take to promote rapid economic development and poverty reduction. Without being exhaustive, such policy measures should include:
    (a) letting the private sector be the engine of growth,
    (b) privatizing all land ownership, including agricultural land, which is the foundation of the economy and a source of employment for about 80 percent of the labor force,
    (c) purging all other policies that have been designed to stifle entrepreneurship, such as political parties’ ownerships of businesses and their involvement in commerce,
    (d) building strong financial system to promote saving, borrowing and investment. The nucleus for this exists since there are already many private banks which can be used as a base for strengthening the system,
    (e) maintaining small groups of highly paid professionals to manage the normal functions of government under a free market environment, and reducing the number of people working as government employees. These managers should contract with the private sector to handle as much as possible of the government’s work,
    (f) restructuring the federal system of government to organize regional administrations along geographic rather than ethnic groupings, with strong federal laws to protect the interests of minorities anywhere. This will promote free movements of capital and labor, and exchanges of ideas, as these are essential features of private sector based economy,
    (g) strengthening the rule of law to protect civil liberties and private property rights, and to strengthen commercial transactions,
    (h) aggressively containing the population explosion, and
    (i) making it easier for citizens to manage their own affairs by, for example, eliminating bureaucratic bottlenecks that encourage corruption and taking other small but tangible pro-citizenry actions.

    In summary, Ethiopia should proceed with vigorous programs of economic growth (which in due course would also reduce poverty) by harnessing her own resources first, supplementing those with foreign grants to the extent possible rather than with foreign loans. The government should refrain from investment in directly productive activities and engaging in commerce, and leave such undertakings to the private sector. Public investment should focus on improvement of infrastructure that would promote private sector investment and economic growth (such as in telecommunications, power, and transportation) and education. Under no circumstances should foreign loans be used to finance items that have dubious investment merit such as vehicles, studies by foreign “experts”, and any items that can and should be financed using domestic human, material, and financial resources. Local capacity building should be given top priority by giving preferences to domestic rather than foreign consults and contractors, and by strengthening local training institutions rather than sending trainees abroad. If necessary, foreign experts should be contracted to conduct their training in such local institutions rather than sending the trainees abroad since that would be more cost effective, sustainable, and best for building the human resource base.

    The above suggestions, if implemented, would surely reduce the need for heavy external borrowing, while at the same time promoting domestic resource mobilization, local capacity building, and the emergence of critical mass of middle class entrepreneurs. The suggestions would also provide a more solid basis for well-anchored, gradual, and sustainable development that would reduce poverty.
    ———–
    More Information on Poverty and Development in Africa
    More Information on International Aid
    More General Analysis on Poverty and Development

    FAIR USE NOTICE: This page contains copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Global Policy Forum distributes this material without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. We believe this constitutes a fair use of any such copyrighted material as provided for in 17 U.S.C § 107. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

  2. What is the origin of “Marshall Plan”?

    The Marshall Plan, named after an American politician during WW II, was a massive financial assistance program by the US to European nations devastated by war II. Those nations had well developed and functioning institutions, communication systems, factories, and in general possessed the pre-requisites for steady economic growth. What the war did was destroy them. And so Mr. Marshall and his team devised massive transfer of finance to those nations quickly to rebuild what the war destroyed. And the economic recovery was quick and breathtaking, simply because all the ingredients for economic recovery were in place, less finance. And the Marshall Plan simply filled the financial gap.

    The seemingly deep thinking ‘Marshall Plan for Africa’ lacks depth and knowledge in both theory and practice of economic development. There are no parallels between pre-WW II Europe and contemporary Africa to preach the “Marshall Plan” as solution to the very complex economic, political, and social problems afflicting African nations.

    Monkeys are good at aping humans (pardon the pun), but one should expect better from trained Economists possessing sprinkles of common sense before cheering ‘Marshall Plan, Marshall Plan….’ as solution to miraculous economic or more appropriately fictitious transformation of Ethiopia.

  3. “Marshal Plan” for Sub-Sahara ? Very unlikely. It won’t happen. At the time European had well developed institutions, economy and know- how or tchenilxal expertise to successfully take advantage of the Marshal economic recovery package after the War. Aftica is less so even after 60 years of post independence .I mean weak institutions , lagging human capital resource and know-how, management and leadership competence/ discipline etcetera., etcetera. Add on that the race factor plus western institutions like World Bank, IMF , Aid Agencies , which fullly morphed into financial predatory and profit making entities. So realizing that chance is slim to zero

  4. For whites it is easy and cheap to control and enrich one money and power hungry Tyrant PM Abiy Ahmed that will sell his kidneys and lungs the next minute if Dollar sign is waved on his face.

    Controlling one power and money starved Tyrant Abiy Ahmed means controlling and opening the whole country to resource looting, war and poverty for every Ethiopians.

    Loan and financial assistant always ends up in tyrants and dictators pockets. Abiy Ahmed who started his career as a foot soldier then a spy and now a power hungry tyrant today is a billionaire when the rest of Ethiopia especially Amhara Zone has become the poorest place on earth.

    String attached Loan and financial assistant is a method to control selfish money hungry tyrants in poor Sub Saharan African countries in exchange to get the untapped African resources at the expensive of Africans freedom, democracy, respect, economic improvement, stability and peace.

  5. The Devil Can Cite Scripture for His Purpose- it becomes a normative behavior among some activists to speak about religion & citing biblical verses while encouraging Fanos to resume in their mass killings and barbaric act. At RasMedia, recently we heard fanatic members of fano recommending Ethiopian Orthodox Church to arm , provide mass killing weapons, to its adherents. One said « it is not enough for the church to arm Christians with godly or eccleciastical accessories , word of God, Cross and others to protect themselves from evilsprits .The church need necessarily arm its believers to defend themselves . There is no biblical verse telling us to run after our neighbors who partake in the same faith , and national identity, above all who share likeness and image of God in order to expand our territory and grab power massively by degrading other ethnicities as minorities and devoid of rights . It is evidently barbaric act to invade and massively kill innocent civilians of all ethnic background who are peacefully staying in their home or work place with pretext of defending yourselves. Many of of those innocent civilians massacred by fanos were sleeping in their home and never used any kind of weapon to attack their neighbors .

    Fanos at rasmedia, Ethio 360 & Zemedkun Bekele Cite Scripture for expansionist and genocidal Purpose !!

    Stop killing innocent civilians of all ethnicities under the cloak of unity, victimization and self-defense without even being attacked !!!

      • Mr SGS ,
        There is concerte evidences as to what Shene is doing to civilians . Many of us are against any kind of atrocities , mass killings , genocide, arsony, burning innocent civilian’s home(shanty cottages), seting fire on their harvests, destroying public and private infrastructures etc

        No to mass killings and displacements of Amhara , Oromo, Tegaru, Gurage, Kimant, Agew , Welayta , Gumuz, and rest of ethnicties in ethiopia.

        However, multple videos aired online exposes the genocide, arsony and torture committed by fanos. It is absurd to consider all amhara and Oromos as enemy of Tigray, however, people from Amhara region , fanos, amhara militia and amhara elites were and they are still ardent actors of Tigray genocide. They promote Tigray genocide from its inception in an atttempt to expand their territory and dominate the rest of ethnicities and accomplish the genocidal mission of eritrean regime.

        Not only amharas ,million Oromos too played a decisive role in Tigray genocide while the other half of Oromo population were under attack by the genocidal PP regime. Many Oromos supported Tigray genocide by sending their children to Tigray, by taking part in grand scale demonstration in favor of Abiy , amhara elites’ genocidal mission;
        Now, they are paying the price . However, We don’t believe these people have to suffer as our people suffered and massively executed and starved.
        That is why I am against the genocide of Oromos committed by fanos . I don’t support a genocide committed against Amhara, Oromos, Gurage , Welayta and all other etnnics in Ethiopia.
        revengful act will not ressurect our people from grave , but the promoters of the Tigraty genocide like ESAT , and principal leaders of Tigray , Oromo genocide should be brought to justice and justice must be served duly.

        It is because of Amhara elites , ESAT, Kingit and the like other genociders that amhara people are displaced and dying. Amhara people contribute money to their displaced people and elites within Ethiopia and overseas made use of the money assumed to help the needy. therefore, You amhara are committing crime against your people than any other ethnic members. When you kill other ethnic members , you are provoking others to do the same.How could we believe you and take your outcries seriously while you are the warmongers killing Oromos in their own home .

      • Please correct “There is concerte evidence” to be read as” there is no concerte evidence. Yeah, there is not concere evidence as to when OLa or shene killing amhara except fanos and eritrean troops massacring innocent civilians . It doesn’t mean that Amharas will not be victims in this war but it is created by amhars elites and Esat, kinigit and your partners , eritrean genocidal regime.

        Apart from fabricated stories propagated by RAsmedia, ESAT etc we haven’t seen OLA or others killing Amhara . We see in our naked eyes when fanos killing and hanging human head on mettalic bar.

        in addition, we all saw fano burning civilians home.

        Stop killing Amhara , Oromos ,Gurage , Tegaru and others for expansionsits and political propaganda.
        US need to remove its agent Abiy Ahmed and stop defending Abiy and prolonging its power at the expense of Oromo, Tegru, Gurage , amhara genocide by fano , eritrean troops and PP genocidal squad.

  6. ለጋጭ ምሩቁ፣ ባንድነት ብርቁ፣ ውርደት መረቁ፣ ክሕደት ጽድቁ፣ ሀፍረት አያውቁ፣ አይነ ደረቁ…ለልብ አውልቁ!!!

    uhhhhhhhhhhhhh! THe way I see it this guy is a lost case. I know of no prostate for a broken spirit and sold soul.
    This house nigger has been Yes Sa, Masta’ing for way too long, for the entire span of his productive adult life, he is so proud to display the product of his low life, scavenging from the crumb of Uncle Sam’s rich table for the brain than just for the belly.
    It is his mind and conscience that got fat of off such crumb, so much so that he thinks he could actually impart the gimmicks and tricks to the rest of us with some benefit!!!
    No seriously! He thinks that we are missin’ out big time on the yes sa masta because we could not master the craft!
    He seriously thinks that we are not doin’ the Yes sa Masta thing, because we lack the brain for it!
    Well get this house nigger! If all you could show for a life time of house niggerin’ is brokering a deal with a lobby firm for us in exchange for a few hundred million dollars, we ain’t impressed.
    Cause’ you see, fact of the matter is that the moment Uncle Sam masters the moral fortitude and intellectual courage to acknowledge that the victims of his cannibalistic savagery by which he amassed his wealth, i.e., the victims of slavery and colonialism are human beings, he owes us 777 trillion!!!!!!!!!! You heard that right, 777 trillion.
    Till then you and your Lord Masta are only savage cannibal and his pet!
    So thanks but no thanks. While we appreciate and acknowledge thine toil on our behalf, you ain’t got no wisdom to impart to us. Only the shame and disgrace of lowering oneself to the status of being subhuman to claim entitlement to Uncle Sam’s rich table.
    And the funny thing is that every new comer to the unenviable tricks and gimmicks of house nigger yes sa mastar thinks he is the first! Like thyself!
    And the most insurmountable challenge of taking a house nigger like thyself to task is not intellectual, it is the moral equation and the futile effort of trying to comprehend the sheer psychological labyrinth of self-loath and inferiority complex your likes must go through, had to be condemned and subjected to by Uncle Sam had to condemn and subject so that you could assume the task of uncle Tomin’ as though a matter of rare intellectual erudition!
    Man…

  7. Dr. Yonas’s is mission gone wrong. He continues to make a fool of himself. He never would tolerate divergent views; he will rattle invectives. The ONLY way to go for Ethiopia, according to him, is to take the “high road” of right-wing economic policy. For him China is bad for everyone; America is best for all!

  8. In substitute of the Marshal Plan,, what is currently offered and has been offering for decades to Sub-sahara Afirica and other Third World countries by the West ,and by especially Amercan’s Bretton Woods such as WB and IMF , as panacea of economic miracle ,developmental package and poverty reduction is the Laissez faire’ economic approach of the Chicago School of Economics. This cruel and right wing neo-classical economic theory was hyped and mainstreamed by the likes of Professors Friedrich Hayek, Milton Friedman et al. and their disciples since 1930s but it only got some traction in the 1980s during Reagomics and Thatcherism economic amid the fall of communism in Eastern Europe . Since then it has devastated many countries causing total collapse of their socio-economic and wellbeing never to stand in their feet again . Forget nap positive impact , it reversed any progress made since the indipence years. It is suicidal and no-no go economic and developmental choice . Besides countries such a South Korea , Malaysia, Singapore or even China ,even though for diffrent reason , needn’t and never entertained to get Marshal Plan package to develop their economies and reach technological feats whils reducing poverty at same time in short period.

  9. Hello every one! This high mileage Afro-Ethio-Centric junkie is giving you an order(lol) to watch the World Cup semi final match between Morocco and France this coming Wednesday December 14, 2022. You don’t need cable or satellite to watch the game since it will be available off the air on indoor antenna with kick off time at 02:00PM Eastern time, 01:00PM Central and 11:00AM on the west coast. Both a Spanish and Fox channels will air the pregame show and the match live at the same time. I’ve been switching back and forth when a team scores just to hear Cantor’s ‘goal!!!!’ I used to enjoy such excitement during the times of Tony Tirado before Cantor way back in the 1980’s. But check your local listings. Argentina and Croatia will duke it out in the other semi final the previous day and I’m 100% behind Croatia on that one. I’m always for the smaller nations. Let’s root 100% for Morocco. Boy, I need an African champion real bad at this stage of my blessed life on this good earth and there isn’t much left on the hopper for me. I hope I’ll see one before the end comes. Insha’Allah!!!

  10. NO money to power hungry murderous Genocidal PM Abiy Ahmed! PM Abiy Ahmed is Radical Ethnic Oromo responsible for Millions of Amhara and Ethiopians lives lost in just 4 years.

    PM Abiy does not deserve to be invited as a normal person and legitimate government of Ethiopia because he does not represent Ethiopians but the few ruthless savaged Radical Ethnic Oromos with Guns and weapon provided by PM Abiy and Shimeles Abdissa who are in the mission of massacring, ethnically cleansing, and murdering innocent Amharas and other Non-Oromo Ethiopians in Ethiopia!

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here