EU,UN Secretary General Call for Negotiations on Ethiopian Dam

EU and UN Secretary General Call for Negotiations on GERD as Sudan is trying to Mediate between Ethiopia and Egypt

EU _ UN _ Ethiopian Dam

By Bernabas Shiferaw
May 20, 2020

The increasing tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt as a result of their disagreement concerning the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam have become a concern for the international community. 

The USA and the Arab league have taken positions on the issue, siding with Egypt. China has expressed an interest in helping the three countries reach a consensus. 

Now, the European Union and the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, have called for negotiations among Ethiopia, Egypt, and Sudan with the aim of reaching a mutually beneficial agreement. Sudan, for its part, has commenced a mediation process in an attempt to bridge the gap between Ethiopia and Egypt

According to Fana Broadcasting Corporation (FBC), the European Union has sent a letter to the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, expressing its acknowledgement of the Dam’s strategic significance to Ethiopia. This letter came following Ethiopia’s mission that went to Brussels to explain to the Union Ethiopia’s stance in the matter. 

In the letter, the Union has urged the countries involved to return to the negotiation table. The union has also offered to send its experts that have a lot of experience with regards to rivers that flow across international boundaries. The Union has invited Prime Minister Abiy to visit EU’s headquarters at Brussels, when circumstances allow a visit, to discuss possible cooperation between the Union and Ethiopia.  

Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary General, has, through his spokesperson, encouraged the three countries involved to continue with efforts to overcome their differences and reach a mutually beneficial agreement on the GERD. He has underscored the significance of the “2015 Declaration of Principles on the GERD.” 

The declaration outlines the countries’ commitment to cooperation and to resolve differences through negotiations. It also states that if a dispute cannot be resolved, the matter can be referred to the Heads of State and Government with an option for a joint request for mediation. 

However, many Ethiopian experts agree that seeking mediation with the international community is a disadvantage to Ethiopia and so resent the signing of this declaration. They had also protested the involvement of the US in the negotiations. 

Sudan is also trying to , after having rejected Ethiopia’s proposal concerning the filling of the dam, is now mediating between Ethiopia and Egypt, to make the continuation of negotiations possible. The Sudanese Prime Minister has spoken to his Egyptian Counterpart Mustafa Madbouli. The meeting was also attended by the respective ministers for water and irrigation and foreign affairs, and intelligence chiefs on both sides. 

Their discussion focused on figuring out ways to resume negotiations which would make feasible an agreement that is acceptable to all parties involved. According to Sudan’s council of ministers, this will be followed by another meeting between the Sudanese and the Ethiopian Prime Ministers in which the same matter will be discussed.  

On a related note, the Ethiopian government is exerting diplomatic efforts by holding a series of meetings with foreign Ambassadors based in Addis Ababa in which it is presenting the national and regional significance of the GERD and the issues surrounding its construction and the filling. There was a meeting today with Ambassadors from countries of Pacific Asia and the Middle East, in which Gedu Andargachew, the Foreign Affairs Minister, and Mr. Gedion Asfaw, from the Ministry of Water, Irrigation, and Energy, offered these explanations. There was also another meeting yesterday held with Ambassadors from African Countries.



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3 Responses to "EU,UN Secretary General Call for Negotiations on Ethiopian Dam"

  1. Ittu Aba Farda   May 20, 2020 at 2:40 pm

    I think there is one claim in this article that needs to be rectified. The USA as a policy did not come out in total agreement with Egypt. The problem was a rogue official whose tongue slipped. The administration has not stopped the flow critical assistance to the old country. It’s problem was created by an official inexperienced in diplomatic matters who has no clue how to speak to a proud nation, a proud nation of upright citizens who have been building the dam with every penny they can spare. The administration does not have a stance problem and Not blindly standing behind the bully-wannabe Egypt but it is the unruly official who spoke/wrote at random.

    I second the UN and EU call for the resumption of the negotiation by the three nations. Egypt should be told in the strongest terms possible to stop its threat to use force. It is incumbent upon the powers who armed Egypt to the teeth to restrain their shady orphans in Cairo. Those black folks also are entitled to exercise their birth rights in harnessing their natural resources for the good of their poverty strapped citizens without causing any harm to others near or afar. This process has reached to a point of no return. The dam is said to be ready for the initial filling and the old country has no plan of hiding it from anyone. This does not mean all is etched in stone. Everyone should go back to the negotiation table without delay. With goodwill on all sides a long term solution is possible. Stubbornness will not further the accord. The fate of more than 250 million people is at risk if this disagreement is not handled wisely.

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  2. Baddis   May 20, 2020 at 4:06 pm

    So far the voice of the people of Ethiopia has never been given a chance to be heard in these negotiations . Only the voice of the Ethiopian elites/Ethiopian tyrants were given chances to be heard in these negotiations.

    The Abiy Ahmed tree planting experience should come useful now to plant some plants inside GERD these plants could be used good fish foods, before Ethiopia starts filling GERD with water because the best option for Ethiopia is to make GERD a fish farm/fish tank, because to generate electricity Ethiopia needs to release the water you filled it with then when it gets empt until you fill it up again with water which takes considerable amount of times , it will be black out which will cost unimaginable loss by denying electricity to those who start to depend on it. Until the GERD is filled for the second round with water Ethiopia will have to pay foreign currency to neighboring countries including Egypt to buy electricity because those depending on GERD for electricity cannot stop or pause (their factories) until it is filled in the second water filling period, since they will have to pay the international loan lenders their monthly payments on time or the factories will be repossessed by the foreign lenders WHICH RESEMBLES COLONY ( foreign lenders forgot to mention the black out that takes place during this second , third , fourth …… filling periods on purpose).

    So rather than depending on this GERD dam for electricity WHILE JEOPARDIZING ETHIOPIA’S FUTURE OF KEEPING THE UNCOLONIZED HISTORY RECORD it is better to EXERCISE PATIENCE and make GERD a fish farm!!!!!
    It is also better to build other smaller multiple dams on other rivers in Ethiopia for electricity . All rivers waters of Ethiopia should not be used for electricity purposes only , so make GERD a fish tank and make other rivers dams those that can be filled at interval times the sources of hydroelectric power plants electricity , that way Ethiopia will not need to buy electricity from Egypt during future blackout periods but Ethiopia can depend on Ethiopia’s own dams within Ethiopia .

    አባይ ወንዝ ላይ አራት ግድብ መስራት እንችል ነበር ክፍል 2 – Netsa Weyeyet
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  3. Chan   May 20, 2020 at 5:33 pm

    Ethiopia should ask for compensation for the decades long usurpation of Ethiopia’s fair share of the Nile water cncocted by the colonial powers who cannot shade the shame Eth infliced on them at the battle of Adwa. Egypt is still apealing to its master at yhe UN while Ethiopia is standing on its righteous principles.

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