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Proposed New Ethiopian Government Administrative Boundary System…

Proposed New Ethiopian Government Administrative Boundary System for Unified Nation Building

Presented for National Debate

By Engidashet Bunare (Water Engineer) and Shiferaw Lulu (Hydrogeologist)
E-mail: engidashetbh2012@gmail.com, shiferawlulu@gmail.com

November 13,2018

Executive Summary

The objective and scope of the current paper is to review the historical and legal basis of governance system in Ethiopia with a focus on solving the problems of the current border and ethnic conflict between various regional states and ethno-linguistic groups in the country due to demarcating territories based on language and ethnicity and to recommend feasible administrative state boundary in order to alleviate the current ethnic based political and boundary conflicts.

Nation building requires in-depth consideration of its history, culture, geography, economic and social conditions and identification of the factors that tie coherently its people and building on the unifying factors to develop trust, love democracy and the rule of law with equal status and dignity of its people. A nation for the purpose administration can make internal divisions. These divided administrative regions can be autonomous federated or unified territories. Administering / dividing administrative regions along ethnic, color, appearance or along religion lines are the key destabilizing factors in a country. These factors are non-unifying and disintegrating agents for a nation and needs to be replaced with other unifying factors that would enable a nation peaceful development.

A region is essentially a part of the land surface of the earth. In the geographical literature regions are defined in three ways as, uniform, functional and administrative areas. Regionalism is a sub-nationalism and political concept and it is a movement which seeks to politicize the territorial predicaments of its regions with the aim of protecting its regional interest. Generally, regionalism evolves on the basis of some social and cultural characteristics like ethnicity, language, color or culture. Sometimes local leaders use this concept for achieving greater autonomy and local power especially political and economic power.

Despite globalization and modernization, regionalism is widely observed in both developed and developing countries across the world. Sometime regionalism may help in solving some sociopolitical and economic problems at local level, but it is one of the big obstacles in nation building process or national integration.

Full content of the paper is available HERE
Editor’s note : Engidashet Bunare and Shiferaw Lulu presented this paper for national debate. Contents in this proposal paper reflects their own views and findings. It does not necessarily reflect the views of borkena.com

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  1. That is really beautiful. However, before we consider any alternative federal structure for the country, we should be able to reach a consensus that ethnic-based politics is harmful to the country. All the citizens of this country should realize that there is no single country in the world which has ethnic-based federal structure at present. In history, it was Yugoslavia, which paid very dearly as a result of ethnic-based politics. The issue must be discussed at every forum. It should be discussed by the elderly, by religious leaders, by political elites, by any organized forum in the country. May God bless you for initiating this discussion!!


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