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You Messed with the Wrong Generation Called “FANO”

Fano _ Ethiopia _ Politics

By Isael Ze Etiel     

In the heart of Ethiopia lies the ancient region of Amhara, a land rich in history, culture, and tradition. However, behind the beauty of its landscapes and the resilience of its people, a struggle for justice and rights has been brewing for far too long. The Amhara people, one of the country’s largest ethnic groups, have faced marginalization, discrimination, and violence, sparking a movement for equality and recognition.

The Amhara people have a long and proud history, with a legacy of emperors, scholars, and warriors. Yet, in recent years, they have been subjected to systemic oppression and neglect, both politically and economically. Land dispossession, lack of access to resources, and political marginalization have all contributed to the growing discontent among the Amhara population.

Amhara youth have been oppressed for the last 36 years, stemming from a society that has been held accountable for more than three decades. The rulers of Ethiopia for a century have placed blame on the Amhara people, making them targets and victims of structural violence. This form of violence has had a detrimental impact on their culture, economic, political, medical, and legal systems, with youth systematically marginalized from government power and other benefits.

After enduring prolonged suffering and being victims, following the arrival of Dr. Abiy, the Amhara community faced direct and structural violence. Many Amhara individuals in various parts of the country, such as Welega in the Oromia region, have been massacred and threatened. Children have been coerced into renouncing their Amhara identity to escape the hands of their assailants in Welega, Oromia. For instance, little children named Ayesha Seid said, “Welayah I will never be Amhara again,” but the killer showed no mercy. Dr. Abiy’s government has intensified the killing and displacement of Amhara like never seen before. Over the past six years, the Amhara people have been left voiceless, subjected to genocide, and neglected in all aspects within the country.

In light of these and other instances, the new generation of Amhara has been awakened by the hybrid victimization they face. The rise of a narcissistic dictator, displaying an unreasonably high sense of self-importance, has further oppressed the Amhara youth. In response, they have united under the name “Fano,” derived from their forefathers, to defend their oppressed society through resilience and determination. Fano is an Amhara militia group with ethno-nationalist beliefs that originated as a protest movement. The group has been involved in violent confrontations across Ethiopia with the goal of protecting the Amhara community from perceived dangers. Fano has incorporated several units and members of the Amhara Regional Special Forces who did not join the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF).

Fano is fighting against the oppressive government to protect their people. Their struggle is centered around the survival of the Amhara community, presenting a genuine cause to resist the sociopathic regime of Abiy Ahmed. The international community must recognize that Fano’s fight is for survival and to dismantle the genocidal government in Ethiopia. Multilateral organizations should offer their support, call out the government’s actions, impose sanctions, assist displaced individuals, war victims, genocide survivors, and those suffering from hunger in the region. There should be pressure on the federal government to address these issues.

In my view, establishing a transitional government in the country involving various opposition parties and militant groups, alongside implementing transitional justice to hold offenders accountable, is essential for bringing justice to the country. The Ethiopian government’s diversion from implementing transitional justice mechanisms can have significant negative impacts on the country’s efforts to address past human rights abuses and promote reconciliation. Transitional justice is a crucial process for countries emerging from conflict or authoritarian rule to address past injustices, promote accountability, and build trust in institutions. Abiy Ahmed Ali government fails to prioritize transitional justice, it can undermine efforts to achieve justice for victims, promote reconciliation among communities, and prevent future human rights violations. Without proper mechanisms in place, there is a risk that grievances and tensions from the past will continue to fester, potentially leading to further violence or instability.

In conclusion, the Amhara youth have endured decades of oppression and victimization, facing structural violence and marginalization within Ethiopian society. With the rise of a narcissistic dictator, their plight has worsened, leading to massacres, displacement, and a voiceless existence. However, the new generation of Amhara, represented by the Fano movement, has emerged to defend their people and fight for survival. The international community must support their cause, condemn the government’s actions, and provide assistance to those affected. Establishing a transitional government and implementing transitional justice are crucial steps towards justice and accountability. It is time for the world to recognize the struggles of the Amhara people and stand in solidarity with their fight for a better future.

Editor’s note : Views in the article do not necessarily reflect the views of


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