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HomeEthiopian NewsEthiopian gov’t , TPLF/Tigray Interim gov’t to consult regularly

Ethiopian gov’t , TPLF/Tigray Interim gov’t to consult regularly

Participants of the the evaluative meeting a the African Union (Photo : AU)

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Toronto – The  “First Strategic Reflection Meeting on the Implementation of the Permanent Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (COHA) in Ethiopia” was convened on Monday.  It was the AU chairperson  Moussa Faki Mahamat who convened it at the African Union in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa. Representatives of Abiy Ahmed’s government and TPLF leaders were in attendance. From “observers,” the United States and European Union have attended it.

The purpose is. according to a news update from the African Union, “to review progress, identify key challenges, and propose ways to address gaps in the implementation of the CoHA.” 

The Pretoria agreement, which was signed in November 2022, ended the two-year bloody war between the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Abiy Ahmed-led Federal government. The war is said to have claimed nearly one million lives in Afar, Amhara, and Tigray regions from both sides. 

There have been complaints from both sides about failures to implement the agreement the full details of which were not made public before or after the agreement.  On the part of the TPLF – a party that is said to have started the war when it attacked several posts of the Northern Command of the Ethiopian Defense Force – it was to disarm and demobilize its forces. However, last month Tigray regional administration publicly announced that there are still 270,000 armed combatants. An African Union body was assigned to follow up the implementation of the agreement but there has not been updates about the implementation for a long time. 

The TPLF / Tigray region interim administration on its part claims that the areas they refer to as West and South Tigray  ( a reference to Wolkait and Raya respectively) were supposed to return the Tigray regional administration under the Pretoria agreement. There had been an identity question in these areas for decades after the TPLF incorporated them to the Tigray regional state following central government capture in 1991 which the TPLF dealt with brutally. These areas are currently under ethnic-Amhara administration. The return of displaced people to the areas is also another issue that the TPLF has been complaining about in connection with the implementation of the agreement.  The TPLF has also been complaining about the presence of Eritrean troops in the region but the Eritrean government denies that. 

An update from the African Union published on Monday said  “The parties reaffirmed their commitment to implementing the COHA and agreed to hold multifaceted consultations to advance peace, security and stability in the Tigray region. They also decided to consult regularly and to convene in a similar format within the next few months. The parties acknowledged the progress made and identified areas requiring additional joint efforts towards fully implementing the COHA.” 

In February this year, the Federal government and Tigray Interim Regional Government/TPLF convened an evaluative meeting to assess the progress of the implementation of the Pretoria agreement. Initially, the TPLF/Tigray Interim Regional Government said there was a good understanding but a few weeks later TPLF leaders released a statement saying they will not meet with the Federal government without the presence of a third party. Apparently, the AU-led evaluation was prepared against that background. 

There is still active war in Ethiopia in the Amhara and Oromo regions of Ethiopia. 

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