Yonas Biru, PhD
This is a quick take on the IMF’s 6.1% GDP growth projection for Ethiopia for 2023. Two days ago, the Managing Director of the IMF, Kristalina Georgieva, tweeted the following:
“Excellent meeting with the Ethiopian delegation, @MoF_Ethiopia and @NBEthiopia. Impressed by their determination to advance Ethiopia’s homegrown economic reform agenda. Discussed how the IMF can support.”
According to the IMF, at the beginning of this year, the projection for Ethiopia’s inflation for 2023 was 28.6%. Today, it is 29.1%. This confirms Ethiopia’s inflation is increasing, not decreasing.
Similarly, at the beginning of the year, the IMF’s projection for Ethiopia’s GDP growth for 2023 was 13.5%. This was bad fiction. The IMF has since revised it down to 6.1%. It is still bad fiction.
According to Melaku Alebel, the Minister of Industry of Ethiopia, in 2022, 446 manufacturing industries stopped production. He attributed the problem among other things to foreign exchange and finance. In November 2022, a Harvard study confirmed chronic forex shortage was harming manufacturing firms who need imported inputs. There is no reason to think the forex constraint has eased. Furthermore, since the beginning of Abiy’s war on Fanno, over 1000 businesses have closed shop in the Amhara tribal land.
The agricultural sector is another crisis area, owing to the shortage of forex to import fertilizer. Let us take Tigray and Amhara tribal lands. Together, they account for more than a third of the nation’s population. For all practical purposes, Tigray’s economy is all but dead. Amhara is not much better.
According to the UN-OCHA report, “about 80 percent of the land has been cultivated across all Meher dependent areas; however, only about 50 percent has been planted in the Amhara tribal land. The corresponding figure for Tigray is 30%. The figures for Benishangul and Southern People are 48 percent and 50 percent, respectively.
The export sector is in decline. A headline on Addis Standard reads: “Ethiopia’s export sector grapples with a concerning decline in revenue as the just-concluded fiscal year comes to a close. Official reports reveal that the country’s export earnings in 2022/23 dwindled to $3.6 billion, experiencing a notable 12% decrease compared to the previous fiscal year. This decline not only signifies a significant setback from the previous fiscal year but also falls $1.6 billion short of the targeted $5.2 billion.”
Fitch Solutions echoed the same sentiment, stating: “We at Fitch Solutions forecast Ethiopia’s current account deficit will widen from an estimated 5.1% of GDP in 2022 to 5.5% in 2023, caused by rising import demand and a muted outlook for coffee exports.”
The government’s economic priority continues to be misguided. The PM is spending the nation’s meager resources on war. Whatever little left is spent on vanity projects such as palaces and parks.
How and why is the IMF painting a rosy picture? Whatever the reason, it is not an objective economic assessment.
Editor’s note : Views in the article do not necessarily reflect the views of borkena.com
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