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Welkait – Abiy’s War on Amharas

 

Welkait _ Amhara _ War

By Concerned Ethiopians  

Over the past six decades, ethnocentric Ethiopian politicians have tried to paint the  Amhara people as a privileged group that must be weakened. The aim of weakening the  Orthodox Christian religion, the Amhara people, and Ethiopia was concocted during  Italian occupation in the late 1930s. The main reason the Italians intended to govern  Ethiopia along ethnic lines was to implement a divide-and-rule strategy. Similarly,  starting with the Walelgne paper, the goal of reconfiguring the Ethiopian state involved  blaming the Amhara people for the oppression of other ethnic groups so they would not  play any significant role in the country’s politics. Muluken Tesfaw Admassu’s book “The  Amhara Holocaust: Accounts of the Hidden Genocide of the Amhara People in Ethiopia”  (1) details the systemic victimization of the Amhara people. The TPLF (Tigray People’s  Liberation Front) and its successor Prosperity Party have used weak Amhara Region  leaders to make Amhara people grudgingly acquiesce yet still resent this kind of  treatment. 

The mass murder, persecution, and displacement of the Amhara people in Benishangul  Gumuz, Oromia, and Addis Ababa Regions during the last five years have made the  Amhara people rebel against PM Abiy’s regime. The final straw for the Amhara people’s  current uprising is PM Abiy’s decision to forcefully and unilaterally disarm Amhara 

Militias while leaving TPLF’s weapons intact. It is fair to assume that Tigray and Federal  military forces can invade Welkait anytime. However, Eritrea is expected to counter this  possible military action. In addition, considering how PM Abiys’s offensive in the Amhara  region is a total failure, the likelihood of any attack on Welkait is low.  

The north Ethiopia war of 2020 to 2022 has left many Amharas dead on their own land  and the destruction of property. The Amhara people have been victims of decade-long  suppression. The Welkait, Telemt, Tegede, and Raya Identity and Border Issues are the  microcosm of the Amhara peoples demands for restitution and their rights. It is the  Welkait Issue that especially encapsulates the Amhara Question.  

Many researchers have documented how the Wolkait area was forcefully annexed into  the Tigray Region in the early 1990’s. The Wolkait Affairs (2) book by Achamyeleh Tamiru  provides authoritative historical, political, and demographic explanations on why the  Welkait region belongs to the Amhara people. Other authors such as Abel Tesfaye, (3)  Sonja John (4) (5) also detail arguments on why Welkait belongs to the Amhara people. 

For many Ethiopians, Welkait belongs to the Amharas, and with the Tekeze River being  a natural barrier, the so-called “Western Tigray” is east of the Tekeze River or the Shire  area. 

In a February 2016 VOA interview (6), Leul Ras Mengesha Seyoum, who was the Governor  of Tigray Province from 1961-1974, stated historical facts about the Welkait/Tsegede  and the Tigray Regional State that agree with the above researchers. In July 2021,  Ambassador Taye Atske Selassie explained in the security council (7) the significance of  Welkait’s affiliation with Amhara. 

Thirty years after Welkait was annexed, the issue remains as an Amhara Identity and  Rights Question. The petition sent to the late PM Meles in November 1991 has never  been answered. Those such as Col. Demeke Mekonnen, who raised the issue in 2016,  were instead arrested. It is worth noting that the TPLF would not have been deposed in  2018 had the Amhara uprising not been ignited by the defiance of Col. Demeke (8)  against those trying to arrest him for raising the Welkait Issue. 

The Amhara Prosperity Party (APP) seems to waver between accepting the pre–November Welkait border or demanding for the Amhara people “ርስት ሳይሆን መብት – not just historical  lands but rights” (9), (10), (11) & (12). However, kowtowing to its parent Prosperity Party,  APP is complicit in identifying Fano (Amhara Militias) as a threat to PM Abiy’s hold on power. PM Abiy has betrayed Amharas and stabbed Fano in the back after fighting TPLF together with Fano. He made the disastrous decision to invade the Amhara region to  unilaterally disarm Fano in May 2023 while leaving TPLF with light and heavy weapons  intact. To make matters worse, no effort was made to disarm the Oromo Liberation Army.  

It is evident that PM Abiy has chosen not to enforce the Pretoria agreement, where TPLF  was supposed to disarm. Instead, he has made the political miscalculation that a weaker  Amhara people will pose no threat to his power and has chosen to implement the  “Nairobi/Halaba” secret deals between himself and TPLF. Some suggest PM Abiy is  bowing to the US pressure to give back Welkait to Tigray as he needs loan restructuring  and grants from the West. However, engaging in an unjust war that a war-devastated  economy cannot afford has led to runaway inflation. Many expect further skyrocketing  food prices, such as teff from Gojjam, due to the war on Amharas. There is no doubt  that urban dwellers would rise up against the PM Abiy Regime, if they cannot feed  themselves. The astute political decision would have been to take a principled stand on  people’s rights. The United States cannot effectively deal with a leader despised by the  people he governs and who frequently shifts alliances so much that he is unworthy of  their trust. Additionally, the US always aligns itself with the faction deemed most likely  to achieve victory, as exemplified by their suggestion to Prime Minister Abiy in November  2021 when TPLF was 120 km from Addis Ababa. 

Several public statements online where PM Abiy confirmed Amhara’s grievances about  Welkait are well documented (13). Yet, Ethiopia’s Defense Minister, Abraham Belay, on  his official Facebook account (14), stated that the government plans to use the “army”  to integrate Welkait into the Tigray region. It is for this reason that the Amhara people  and Fano would not give up their arms. Some suggest a referendum. However, the  demographic engineering that Ex-TPLF Public Relations Officer Mekonen Zelelew well  documents in Achamyeleh’s book (2), pages 427 to 470, makes it difficult to determine  who will vote on the referendum. Besides, under PM Abiy, the independence of the  institution that would hold a referendum – the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia is  seriously in doubt with W/O Birtukan Midekssa’s resignation as the chair. Supporters of  PM Abiy argue that he is an elected leader. That avenue is practically non-existent since  there is no feasible mechanism to remove him from office via a recall election on a  politician who has lost the public’s trust. 

The Amhara people have therefore found it imperative to strengthen their resistance and  force PM Abiy to abandon his invasion of the Amhara Region. Once it is successful in the  Amhara Region, the next step is to forge alliances with those opposed to PM Abiy and capture Addis Ababa. The Amhara Popular Front’s motto “መነሻችን አማራ መዳረሻችን  ኢትዮጲያ – begin with Amhara, reach all Ethiopia” is a powerful message that resonates  with other ethnic groups in Ethiopia. The overreach of the Oromo Prosperity Party has  alienated many Ethiopian Ethnic Groups especially those bordering the Oromo Region. 

Oromia region leaders saying that they have broken the backs of others will be met with  equal resistance as no Ethiopian will tolerate such a slur. Reimagining Ethiopia cannot  be done at the expense of others. 

Prosperity Party is currently more despised than the TPLF. Ethiopians view PM Abiy as a  political peddler out for his own benefit only. The only prosperity that Ethiopians have  seen is for ethnically and politically connected people who have enriched themselves.  PM Abiy’s shifting alliances have made him completely lose any modicum of credibility  he ever had with any ethnic group in Ethiopia, whether it is the Southern people,  Tigrayans, or Oromos, let alone Amharas. Ethiopians will not be deceived by opportunist  politicians waxing the virtues of “coming together – መደመር” anymore.  

The Amhara Issue necessitates a profound display of steadfast resistance and  leadership. The diverse Ethiopian Fano forces, Amhara resistance leaders, and their  many diaspora supporters must work together to highlight the Amhara cause to the  global community.  

For the last 30 years, politicians have tried to sow discord and label Amharas as the  oppressors, while the truth was and still exists that the Amharas have been discriminated  against. The Welkait issue is a stark harbinger of the question of rights raised by the  Amhara people. It encompasses the role Amhara people need to get in Ethiopia. The  fundamental right of Amharas to live in peace and security in any part of the country  must be guaranteed as it is their fundamental right. Put simply, the Amhara people’s  rights must be respected. Amharas should get a fair share of the country’s resources, let  alone in disputed Amhara lands. Not enough work has been done to amend the  constitution so that ethnocentric politics can no longer be used to target any ethnic  group. Therefore, the Amhara fight for their right is pivotal in changing Ethiopia’s  dangerous course, which could lead to its disintegration.  

References: 

(1) https://www.amazon.com/Amhara-Holocaust-Accounts-Genocide-Ethiopia ebook/dp/B09YCBX9W3 

(2) https://www.amazon.com/-/he/Achamyeleh-Tamiru/dp/1513653806 (3) https://www.ethiopia-insight.com/2022/08/03/under-ethiopias-federal system-western-tigray-belongs-in-tigray/ 

(4) https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/00219096211007657 (5) https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/africaatlse/2021/09/13/civil-rights-activists-welkait tplf-peace-democracy-ethiopia-pp-abiy-ahmed/ 

(6) https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Oi4MQOie4PA45 

(7) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mgc2vZ4ie4M 

(8) https://www.africanews.com/2016/07/31/half-a-million-protesters-call-for a-regime-change-in-ethiopia/ 

(9) https://t.me/amharaapp/303 

(10) https://www.tiktok.com/@amharaprosperitypartyapp/video/72583063880640 79105 

(11) https://twitter.com/appamhara/status/1632343851800174593?s=43&t=JNEY 7rZ3zMv10cr2WDG2Qw 

(12) https://www.tiktok.com/@amharaprosperitypartyapp/video/72070217406590 84545 

(13) https://twitter.com/TrueSeal3/status/169579687675321549 (14) https://www.facebook.com/AbrahamBelayOfficial

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Editor’s note : Views in the article do not necessarily reflect the views of borkena.com  

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4 COMMENTS

  1. This was written by terrorists who support the genocidal acts in Tigray and the Oromiyaa.They designed and financed the mass killings of Tigrayans in order to relocate Amharas from other towns to Humera and Welkayit and divide the land among each other for commercial purposes.
    Terrorists include Shaleka Dawit, Andargachew Tsige, Yosef Yitna, Derje Habtewelde (Dere News), Ethio 360, Habtamu Ayalew, Messay Mekonen, and all their unnamed gang members, including those who play religious cards and hide within Mahibrekidusan.

    Terrorists from Ethiopia are now finding refuge in the United States and the rest of the wealthy West. Above all, the USA and Canada are now becoming safe havens for these genociders. They send their children to the elite schools; poor Ethiopian children do not have even a crumb of bread to consume for the day. All these terrorists were advisors and supporters of Abiy Ahmed until the day their relationship was severed.

    Welkayit was once part of Tigray and still is, and ENDF has been given the authority to drive out terrorists, according to Pretoria agreement.
    USA and Canada are now becoming safe havens for ethiopian terrorists . The FBI may need to expel these genocoiders and bring them to justice.
    ——————Mahibrekidusan is a terrorist organization playing religious cards, supporting secretly fanno genociders———

    • The fact of the matter is that the TPLF created this situation by doing the same thing you are accusing the Amhara of doing today. Rather than hurling accusation, why can’t you propose solutions.

    • Nice reverse psychology! If course, people like Dawit W/ Hiorgis has always been mercenary against Ethiopia and some pro Weyanes like 360 and Lidetu.

  2. Anyways, you are caught! You are crying for Oromiya and Tigray that makes you Tplf and Olf. That is why you signed agreement with Tplf in SA. Pp/ olf terrorists working with Tplf terrorists!

    The above groups from the orders of their foreign masters must quickly destroy Amara before the world realizes and get support for Oriental and Christian Ethiopia. People are not realizing! Told us already being organized and armed and from Sudan! They are sandwiching Amara right now! PP is not Ethiopian government! Wake up! It is the political wing of OLF, that is why Aby invited terrorists Jawar, Dawud and Lencho!

    Soon, there will be destruction if churches, the flag will be replaced by Tplf- style flag in amara, the communist yellow and red flag, Amharic will be forbidden in Amara. Just like Ukraine.

    Aby Ahmed is double agent!

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