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The Wolkait Region Issue in Ethiopia

 Ethiopia _ Wolkait _ Sept 2
Abiy Ahmed while talking to his party officials in January 2023 (Photo : file/ opm)

Emjedo Farda 

Septmber 2, 2023

The complexities surrounding the Wolkait region in Ethiopia have attracted international attention, with critics  asserting that Prime Minister Abiy’s approach, including shuttle diplomacy, falls short in addressing the matter effectively. While criticism is a fundamental part of any democratic discourse, it is equally important to evaluate these claims objectively. This essay aims to present rational and objective arguments, emphasizing the need for a comprehensive, long-term strategy, and a nuanced perspective.

One of the central criticisms leveled against Prime Minister Abiy’s approach is its perceived short-term focus. Critics argue that immediate results may not be apparent, but it’s important to acknowledge that a problem as intricate as the Wolkait issue necessitates a multifaceted, long-term vision. Quick fixes may fail to deliver lasting peace, and the administration might be diligently working towards a broader, more sustainable solution.

Questioning the Prime Minister’s capacity to resolve the Wolkait issue may underestimate his potential.  It is essential to allow room for growth and development in Prime Minister Abiy’s leadership. It is undeniable that divisions among Amhara and Tigray politicians are profound. However, dismissing the possibility of reconciliation and effective leadership emerging from these regions might be premature. Experienced leaders can rise from even the most polarized environments.

While dialogue may not have yielded immediate solutions, it remains an indispensable step in conflict resolution. Hasty dismissal of dialogue in favor of external intervention could disrupt the process and potentially exacerbate the situation. Accusations that the Prime Minister favors one side over the other should be supported by substantial evidence. Mediating in a highly polarized conflict is an incredibly challenging task, and it’s crucial to maintain a balanced perspective.

While external intervention can play a constructive role, it must be approached with caution. History has shown that international involvement can sometimes worsen conflicts. Therefore, any external intervention should be impartial and well-informed.

Understanding the motivations of all parties involved is a complex and time-consuming task. Rushing to conclusions without a comprehensive understanding can lead to misguided decisions with far-reaching consequences.Changing the rules of the game might be necessary in some cases, but it should be done through a transparent and inclusive process. Abrupt changes can lead to further instability.

While atrocities are occurring, it’s essential not to oversimplify their causes. Conflicts often have deep-rooted historical, political, and socio-economic factors contributing to violence. Addressing these root causes is essential for sustainable peace. Also, disputes over land ownership and historical claims are indeed complex issues. Resolving them requires a deep understanding of historical context and legal frameworks. This process cannot be rushed. Recognizing demographic shifts is important, but addressing them should be done carefully to avoid further conflict. Any action taken to rectify demographic imbalances should adhere in the best interest of Ethiopia. The disenfranchisement of any group is a concerning issue. However, external intervention should respect the sovereignty of the nation and work within the framework of international law.

In conclusion, while valid concerns have been raised by critics , it is essential to approach the Wolkait problem with careful consideration, a focus on long-term solutions, and a commitment to impartiality. The involvement of the international community can be beneficial, but it should complement, rather than replace, domestic efforts towards reconciliation and peace in Ethiopia. In such a complex and sensitive matter, a rational and balanced perspective is crucial for progress.

Editor’s note : Views in the article do not necessarily reflect the views of  


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  1. Trash article that neither provides solutions nor adds any sort of valuable discourse. The author lectures:

    “Accusations that the Prime Minister favors one side over the other should be supported by substantial evidence.”

    Meanwhile, his own article is full of claims that are not backed by substantial evidence. For example, the author states:

    “Questioning the Prime Minister’s capacity to resolve the Wolkait issue may underestimate his potential. It is essential to allow room for growth and development in Prime Minister Abiy’s leadership.”

    Where is the substantial evidence that points to the “growth and development in Prime Minister Abiy’s leadership”? Who is “questioning the Prime Minister’s capacity to resolve the Wolkait issue”, and how is his “potential” being underestimated?

    Practice what you preach, author. At the very least, if you present a claim acknowledge the reasons for that claim while providing evidence that supports your own views.

    Borkena, please do a better job vetting trash articles like this, which are clearly written by delusional Prosperity Party supporters/cadres who are screaming into the void for attention.




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