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HomeOpinionAmharic language a lingua franca of Ethiopia: Can it save the nation?

Amharic language a lingua franca of Ethiopia: Can it save the nation?

Amharic _ Ethiopian Language

By Dansa Absinic

Ethiopia is a melting pot of humanity. It has many ethnic groups along with language classifications. In fact, primordial (bloodline) ethnicity is less visible in Ethiopia.  A plurality of languages and identities is present and reality. Variety is beauty in Ethiopia and is even a national power. Identities are also interwoven by millennia of intermarriage and the movement of people. As such, identities are layered and fluid in Ethiopia. The facial similarity and stature of the body are testimonials of Ethiopian features. However, multicultural Ethiopia is abused, attacked, and failing.

However, since the 1960s, youth-led communism, especially communists organized along village connections has brought wrath in Ethiopia. They divided Ethiopia into primordial fashion using language groups. They have crafted constitutional rules for that matter. They used the time-tested effective divisive rule of the Britons i.e. divide and concur. Ethiopia is a divided community now for the last 50 years. Yet again, the divide could not destroy the fabric of the society forged by the Amharic language, EOTC, and Islam. Indeed, the attack is also ever stronger on these connectors.

As ethnic elites are taking center stage in politics, and public life and profiting from the divide, they started attacking any factor that connects Ethiopia. Whether the connector is along language, religion, culture, livelihood, or more, it really does not matter. What matters for them is that they operate in a fashion of ‘we vs them’. Political causes are communicated to the community along fabricated or extremely exaggerated historical grudges. The grudges always relate to the Amharic language as the language of the ‘dominant’ class and thereby the speaker is the enemy. In fact, historical exploiters were from every background.

For the last three decades, all the land in Ethiopia has been demarcated along ethnic lines. Hence, all that does not belong to the ethnic group in question is labeled as settlers and newcomers and by extension deserves nothing of political and economic rights. If they hold land, they will be evicted. If they have houses, it is being demolished, if they do resist they are killed like rats. Amharic language speakers are not hired to any government offices in regional governments, except one.

Ethiopia has been bleeding from ethnic politics for the last half a century. The architect of this political machination is TPLF. Unfortunately for the Tigray people in general, it has been made a victim of its own making. They are made to test their own medicine. TPLF was born and died of ethnic hatred and its resultant war. At the end of its life, it waged a two years civil war along ethnic causes. It was effectively obliterated by the collision of ‘ethnic Amhara and Oromo’, the unholy marriage served for the cause of the war only. An enemy of my enemy is a friend is the logic. Now the Oromo hardliners are working hard for ‘Amharfrei’ (a term recently coined after the Judenfrei policy of Hitler) in Ethiopia 

Again, the Oromo hardliner-dominated government of Ethiopia is waging a genocidal war against ethnic ‘Amhara’, city dwellers of anywhere and orthodox Christianity (EOTC). All these groups are labeled as the ultimate safeguards of the nation standing between the project of forming their own republic over the demise of Ethiopia. The hardliners, although they have taken the state, they do not seem to stop there. Ethiopia must vanish. 

Why is this so? What can be done? Why is ethnocracy at war with Ethiopia and its sprite manifested in Adwa’s victory? This year, the Adwa celebration was aborted because of the government hardliners at war with the sprite of Ethiopia and its manifestations e.g. flag, religion, culture, and brotherhood. They attacked folks coming out for the celebration wearing traditional costumes and decorations for the festival. They were teargassed, and some were brutally attacked. Even fatalities were reported. This happens in the capital city and the seat of headquarters of the African Union. 

The first thing ethnic warlords are afraid of is Ethiopia and its spirit. They wanted to fragment, destroy and reign over their village. They aspire to form their own little republics.   A weak nation is good for ethnic conquerors. But, a country of 120 million people is suffering from conflict, poverty, and hopelessness. A failed Ethiopia is a threat to neighboring countries, Europe, and the world. Migration is already at a crisis level. Ethiopia should be saved for global political health as well. A failed Ethiopia will overrun Kenya and other neighbors in a matter of months. This will cause the neighboring nations to quickly collapse. 

What should be done? How can we get out of the destructive ethnic politics and go to politics of idea and purpose? The answer comes from the political organization that must form among the speakers of the lingua franca (Amharic language). Language is culture and all the national history is written and taught in this language. Those who speak this language are closer to the spirit of Ethiopia. Ethiopia speaks the Amharic language which is a very developed language. It is good for education, unity, trade, national growth, justice, etc. Most of all, it is formed out of many languages of Ethiopian origin. It connects everyone. It is beneficial for the nation to consolidate the heritage from this language and benefit from it rather than fight it.

Second, EOTC must organize itself and defend national unity as unity is its goal in its spiritual endeavor too. As humanity is united, heaven is close to humanity. EOTC has made history in protecting the territorial integrity of the nation and creating Ethiopia as a public psychic power. The religion is good for public health via its strict fasting rules and is pro-environmental. 

The Amhara regions and as a moderate group in love with Ethiopia and its territorial integrity must unite efforts with city dwellers of Ethiopia in general and the power of EOTC. Again, Ethiopian Muslims are also para-race and akin to unity rather than division. They must also consolidate efforts in protecting their nation from ethnicity.

Southern Ethiopia in particular, although hugely affected by protestant corrupt groups must calculate to either protect Ethiopia and preserve its natural resource and its future or face extermination in the face of the insatiable hardliners expanding to its doorsteps. In fact, SNNPR was a strong political force united by the Amharic language, it was destroyed for this reason. The South must wake up! The Afar and the rest, although they have a clear liking for their culture and religion, are not at war with Ethiopia as well. It is essential to exploit these groups for Ethiopia’s cause as well. 

Finally, and most importantly, Tigray must wake up, repent, and undo the evil planted by TPLF in Ethiopia. A united Tigray aligned with the Amhara and forming a northern alliance can easily save Ethiopia. Tigray will be the favorite kid of Ethiopia for this. Again, Tigray via EOTC must make peace with Amhara and unite for a common cause. It is essential for Tigrayan to live in greater Ethiopia than fight over a piece of land that is nothing compared to the wider world. Indeed, the great multitude of moderate Oromos must wake up as well before it is too late. 

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Editor’s note : views in the article reflect the views of the writer, not the views of borkena.com 

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5 COMMENTS

  1. I am confused about some of the statements in this article. Tigray should repent because Ethiopia committed genocide on Tigray? Hilarious LOGIC

  2. መጀመርያ ኣማራና አማርኛ የፈጠርዋት የሚያድንዋት የሚያጠፍዋት ኢትዮጵያዊ የለችም ።
    እርግጠኛ ሁኜ እማወራህ ለሌሎች በሌሎች ቋንቋ ፅፈህ የህዝብን ሰላም ለማሳጣት የምታደርገው ሂደት መጀመርያ ኣማራ ነው የሚጎዳው ።

    አማርኛ እና ኣማራ ሊሂቃን ገዢዎች ሙሁራን ሁሌም ትርክታቹህ
    የበታችነት ስሜት የወደቃቹሁበት 1954ዓም ጀምሮ ነው የናንተ
    መንፈሳዊ መንግታዊ ኣፋኝ እና ጨቋኝ ስርወ መንግስት ትግል የተጀመረበት 1983 የገዚነት ቀንበር የተሰበረበት ቀን ጀምሮ
    እሰከ አሁን ሚዛኑ ያልጠወቀ ህዝብና ቋንቋ ካለ ይሄው አሁን ያስጨነቀህ ነገር ነው።
    ከቤተ መንግስት እሰከ ቤተክርስቲያን የሄደው የመቶዎች አመታት
    ኢትዮጵያ እና ኢትዮያዊያን አደንዝዞ ደንቆሮ ኢትዮጵያ የፈጠረ ቋንቋ ቢኖር አማርኛ እና አማራነት ነው።
    የውሸት ኢትዮጵያዊነት ከመፍጠር ለመቶ አመታት የሃገርውስጥ ቀኝ ገዚ ሁኖ ለማስቀጠል የሚደረገው የውሸት ኢትዮጵያዊነት አያዋጣም ትርፉ የፈጠረው መከራ ብቻ ነው የዘራው ድንቁርና ነው።
    ደንቁርና የፈጠረው ድንቁርና
    እኔ የተማርኩት በኣማርኛ ነው።
    የደነቆርኩትም በኣማርኛ ነው።
    ለምሳሌ አህያ በትግርኛ አድጊ ትባላለት የኣህያ ልጅ ምን ተብላ ትጠራለች ተብየ የተሰጠኝ የቤት ስራ ለእናቴ ለኣባቴ ስጠይቅ
    ተመልሰው አናውቅም ምንድ ነው ኣህያ ብለው ነው ሳይመልሱ የላኩኝ።
    መምህሩ የቤት ስራ ሳልሰራ ስለሄድኩኝ በእጄ የማይሰበረው እየተለጠጠ የሚያሰቃይ ድራፍ አትለው ድላ ተቀጠቀጥኩኝ ።
    ከዚያ ጓደኛየ ሰጠይቀው አህያ ማለት አድጊ እያ አለኝ።
    በቤታችን 4 በላይ አህያዎች ዉሃ እንጨት ከዳሉል ጨው የምናጓጉዝባቸው ነበሩ።
    ከዚያ ከክፍል ወጥቼ ሩጫየ ለወላጆቼ ለመንገር ነበር የትምህርትቤቱ ደወል ምጠብቀው።
    ተደወለ ወጣሁ አለባቴ አቦይ አህያ ማለት አድጊ እያ አልኩት አረ ብሉ ሲጨብጠኝ እጄ የተመታሁበት በልዞ አየ ምነው አለኝ መምህር ቀጣኝ አልኩት
    አድጊ አህያ አለማለትህ ብሎ አለኝ
    ኣዎ አልኩት
    ከዚያ እጄን ይዞ ወደ ትምህርት ቤቱ ወስዶ ከመምህሩ ተደባደቡ
    ኣማርኛ ይህ ነው ያስተማረን ።
    የአህያ ጥቅም አገልግሎት ሰነ ህይወት እንኳን የተማረ ኢትዮጵያዊ የለም።
    እሰኪ አስቡት ለኦሮሞ ለሃዲያ ለአፋር ለቀሪው 80 ብሐረሰቦች እና ህዝቦች ?
    በኢትዮጵያ ትምህርት የተጀመረው 1983 ወደዚህ ነው።
    እና አማርኛ ኢትዮጵያ ከማደንቆር የዘለለ የፈጠረው ጦርነት ደካማ ኢትዮጵያ የቋንቋ እውቀት ብቻ ተስፋፊነት ውጭ የፈጠረው ነገር የለም ።
    በግድ አስተምራቹህ የላካቹህ ህዝብ አማራ ነው በእናንተ ዘንድ ከእናንተ ቀርቦ የተማረ ኣማራ ነው በቃ።
    የዘር ፖለቲካ የለም የዘር አስተዳደር ተብሎ ይቀየር
    ዘር የእግዚአብሔር ስጦታ እኝጂ የኢትዮጵያ ስጦታ አይደለም
    ለምንድ ነው ኣማርኛ ብቻ እግዚአብሔር የሰጠን ቋንቋ የአንድነት የፍቅር ብቻ ተብሎ የሚሰበከው ?

    ሌላ ባለፉት 50 አመታት የተዘራው በባቢሎን ከእግዚአብሔር የተሰጠው ቋንቋ ከቀኝ ገዚዎች ነፃ የወጣበት ነው ።
    የቋንቋ አጥፊዎች ቋንቋው ለሚጠብቅ ጥበቃ ለሚየደርግ ለሚንከባከብ ህዝቡ በእናንተ ቋንቋ ዘረኛ ነው።

    ኣማርኛ እና ኣማራ ከእንግዲህ የሚያጠፍዋት የሚያደነቁርዋት ኢትዮጵያ የለችም ።
    ጫወታው ተቀይራል ጎበዞች
    አብቅቷል

    Amhara and Amharic create deaf nation
    Can’t save Ethiopia rather create _______ nationalism
    Ethiopia have 84 smart languages smart people
    Every language have culture culture of work culture of trade culture of education
    Amharic is the source of past 180year war instability in not only in Ethiopia regions but also in his region
    The question is why Amhara afraid of ethnic politic

    How can we get out ethnic politics destructive ???

    As you state this is destructive
    The Amhara regions and as a moderate group in love with Ethiopia and its territorial integrity
    What about others smart ethnic of Ethiopia ?
    they don’t create love integrity keep sovereignty of Ethiopia ???
    Amhara and Amharic create deaf and blind Nation
    Amharic language as the language of the ‘dominant’ class and thereby the speaker is the enemy to ???

  3. Tigray , shouldn’t think about Ethiopia ever . Ethiopians allied with external force made genocide on Tigray. Ethiopian thrown alive Tigrian to fire and burned down . Ethiopians done every inhuman acts to Tigray. so Tigray couldn’t save for thier killers.

  4. In fact Ethiopia can only be saved from destruction if English is adopted as working language like other multi-ethnic Africa Nations- Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana South Africa etc. All these African countries adopted English as their medium of communication while persevering their ethnic language. It’s not that they love their colonial masters but to save their country from Ethnic conflicts arising from one dominant language.The writer of this article dismisses the fact that Amharic language is root cause of Ethiopian ethnic based conflicts. Before Tplf, Amharization by the Amhara controlled governments was the main reason we had civil war. As the ethnic based Liberation movement continues in our Country, it seems that some people are still afraid of real change so that we can move forward. Until common language is adopted to save our Country from one dominant ethnic group wether it is Amharic,afaan oromo etc, we cannot avoid the creation of oromo republic,Ogaden republic,Tigrai republic etc . The only way forward for Ethiopia to stay United by its all ethnicities is to create an equal plain field for all Ethiopians and to do that, language most be the first to solve. The change starts with the fact that Amharic is not a common language, majority of oromos don’t speak Amharic,the entire somalis in the Ogaden don’t speak, Afars don’t speak, half of Tigraian don’t speak it, Gambelas and many other ethnic groups who are completely foreign to Amharic language. Let’s face the facts do we want Ethiopia for all Ethiopians or do we want Ethiopia for some. I live in Addis Ababa and Amharic is not my language but I want United Ethiopia. How can we do that!

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