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Ethiopia submits its position to the UN Security Council on the AU-led tripartite negotiation on the GERD (MFAE)

Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister ( Photo credit : MFAE)


Ethiopia called upon members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to urge Egypt and Sudan to return to the tripartite negotiations on the first filling and annual operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and respect the AU-led process.

In a letter addressed to the current President of the UNSC on 16 April 2021, Ethiopia’s Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, H.E. Demeke Mekonnen recalled the AU-led process has enjoyed the full support of the UN Security Council on the basis of the principles of complementarity and in the spirit of finding African solutions to African problems.

However, Egypt and Sudan are not negotiating in good faith and are not ready to make the necessary concessions to reach a win-win outcome, he said.  

He further stated that the two countries chose to “scuttling” the negotiation and “internationalizing” the issue to exert undue pressure on Ethiopia.

The letter affirmed Ethiopia’s unwavering commitment and trust over the AU-led tripartite negotiation and expressed the country’s gratitude for the genuine efforts of South Africa and now the Democratic Republic Congo to address the matter in the spirit of African solutions for African problems. 

The letter also recalled Ethiopia’s initiative on data exchange before the commencement of the second filling of the dam in the upcoming rainy season, which the two downstream countries declined.

The insistence by the two countries to maintain the unjust status quo and foreclose Ethiopia’s water use upstream of the GERD under the pretext of “concluding a binding comprehensive agreement” is unacceptable, said the letter. 

The letter also underlined Ethiopia’s firm commitment to the Declaration of Principle (DoP) that was signed by the leaders of the three countries and noted that Egypt and Sudan are reneging their commitment that they have entered under the DoP.   

In concluding, the letter declared that “Any attempt to pressure Ethiopia” and sideline the AU-led process will “further undermine trust and confidence among the three countries”.


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  1. Egypt is so against this dam not because GERD will adversely affect the flow of water but its long term consequences. All upstream countries have another nightmare they all share besides the water of The River Nile: they are all multiplying by millions every year. At some point not too distant in the future they will be pressured to use every resource they have to fulfill the demand of the ever exploding population. Using all their water resources is going to be on the top of their national projects. Everyone one of them is watching the progress of this dam. It is expected to light up the entire nation including several countries nearby. Then Uganda, Tanzania, South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Republic of The Congo and Kenya will be saying ‘I will do the same for my people’. Will Egypt go to war with everyone of all these countries? That is why threats and bullying will not work. All future dams if they are all cleverly designed and constructed like GERD will not harm Egypt or Sudan. So civilized diplomacy will be the only way forward. Toting panhandled F16’s, Mirages and SU-35’s will serve only as ghosts. That is why that fire spitting patriot Obbo Dr. Sileshi is saying ‘I ain’t afraid of no ghost!’

  2. Egypt is begging flavor from all countries in Africa, EU, USA etc except the one country that nourish it with water, Ethiopia. I suggest Egypt work with Ethiopians instead of being an enemy to Ethiopia.


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